Get rid of etags once and for all

Its purpose is to provide a financial incentive for producing such works in order to benefit society as a whole. To understand what OSS is, you must first understand how source code is used to create programs. This subshell reinitializes itself, so that the effect is as if a new …

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Where to get more detail on git

In many ways, Linux and UNIX administration is today much easier than administration for popular commercial personal operating systems because it is much more transparent. But the Linux community is much more than the kernel, and needs contributions from lots of other people besides programmers. Loadlin works from a DOS …

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Tips and tricks for using CUPS for printing with Knoppix

We who are enthusiastic about GNU/Linux want to spread that freedom around. However, this is no less "programming" than anything else. Recently, Linux has replaced this security system with a more general capabilities system. Because it is free software, licensed under the GNU General Public License, Linux obviates the …

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Quick and easy fixes using mount

It is less expensive to acquire. Many OSes don't provide uptime information and thus can't be included; this includes AIX, AS/400, Compaq Tru64, DG/UX, MacOS, NetWare, NT3/Windows 95, NT4/Windows 98, OS/2, OS/390, SCO UNIX, Sony NEWS-OS, SunOS 4, and VM. It'll need a lot …

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No more mistakes with pushd

When I have unmounted the VFAT partition the system detects that I no longer need the VFAT file system module and removes it from the system. If you can use a computer or other electronic device, you can use Linux. The fact that open source code offers complete transparency acts …

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Getting acquainted with Ubuntu Studio

To help bring order to chaos, standards groups codify system interfaces into official standards. The number of bytes that the device driver requests is rounded up to the next block size boundary. To those who believe that even bad attention is better than no attention, being treated as a non-entity …

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Using memory functions

Disk drives provide a more permanent method for storing data, keeping it on spinning disk platters. By contrast, most software carries fine print that denies users these basic rights, leaving them susceptible to the whims of its owners and vulnerable to surveillance. The majority of those working on Free Software …

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Can you get LXDE to work on your own distro?

Why make it easier for them. Linux supports three types of hardware device: character, block and network. For Linux, a vendor can create a device driver for a specific hardware device and expect that, within reason, it will operate across most distributions. They should be given the opportunity to examine …

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Open the gates for rlogin

These extensions are collectively called GNU C, and are documented in Appendix A. It is also an excellent platform for working systems, both open and closed, because it is so heavily customizable for free. The controllers are processors like the CPU itself, they can be viewed as intelligent helpers to …

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Its all about dnssec-keygen

As it's compiled from RHEL sources, most of the commercial software built for RHEL can be made to run on CentOS. Initially, there is only one directory on the disk, the root directory. But the Linux community is much more than the kernel, and needs contributions from lots of other …

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How to evaluate error messages with objcopy

Even your car has Linux running under the hood. For small contributions and bug fixes, it is unlikely that there will be any long-term maintenance expected. For example, when we add a user named "paul," Linux creates a directory /home/paul. The first, the old timer mechanism, has a static …

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How to set up the Perl environment on Ubuntu

It may use the API as-is, or not use it at all: take it or leave it! The device identifier for /dev/hdb, the slave IDE drive on the primary IDE controller is (3,64). awk is actually a programming language designed particularly for text manipulation, but it is widely …

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Troubleshooting hardware problems in ALTLinux

To accomplish more complex tasks, tools would simply be connected together, using pipes. Like so many others I have always thought that one of the greatest attributes of Linux is its diversity of choice, but there are those outside of the Linux world that see this as a negative. None …

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Never mess with apropos and here's the reason why

The second essential factor for a positive and efficient conversion to Linux is directly related to the Hardware Factor. When the last process sharing the memory detaches from it, the pages of the shared memory current in physical memory are freed, as is the shmid_ds data structure for this shared …

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Linux CLI goodness with yum

The system itself is designed with a very open-ended, feature-minded approach. I moved on to larger applications and contributions. Other drivers can be loaded as kernel modules when they are needed. It would not be enough to stop here, though.

Get the most out of ClusterKnoppix

Developing the core is …

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Principles of rpcbind under Linux

In Linux, blocks are generally larger than the sector, but they must be smaller than the page size (the smallest unit addressable by the memory management unit, a hardware component) Common block sizes are 512 bytes, 1 kilobyte, and 4 kilobytes. Even so, most software developers, even those who have …

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Sysadmin and Devops using pathchk

But, as we all know, there are typically many directories on a system. In either case, the kernel simply resolves the pathname to the correct inode. The editing mode may be switched during interactive use by using the -o option to the set built-in command. Whereas sockets communicating over the …

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Getting started with syslogd on Arch Linux

Unlike Windows, Linux requires each user to have an account. Linux keeps looking through the pending list from the start until there is a pass where no semaphore operations can be applied and so no more processes can be woken. Effectively, they define system programming, or at least a common …

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How to install init on Suse

The kernel seamlessly and transparently preempts and reschedules processes, sharing the system's processors among all running processes. The major identifier for the primary IDE controller is 3 and is 22 for the secondary IDE controller. Usually, as bytes in the file are read from or written to, byte-by-byte, the file …

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Open the gates for setkeycodes

If they will then it removes the sem_queue data structure from the operations pending list and applies the semaphore operations to the semaphore array. If, however, that company transitions to Linux, the staff would require little retraining, and little of the custom software would need to be rewritten and retested …

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Installing PCRE

Processes are separate tasks each with their own rights and responsibilities. By using open source software, you can benefit from integrated management. In this case, Direct Memory Access (DMA) controllers are used to allow hardware peripherals to directly access system memory but this access is under strict control and supervision …

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Using more to view text files at the BeatrIX command line

Processes are free to use a FIFO so long as they have appropriate access rights to it. You can customize the terminal, try different text editors, and install desktop environment of your choice. These accounts are combined in to groups to help simplify their management. Every process runs as a …

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Getting the best out of tr when using Ubuntu

When a command terminates on a fatal signal, bash uses the value of 128+signal as the exit status. Institutions that rely solely on commercial-proprietary vendors - whether on-premises or cloud-based - effectively outsource their IT strategy and reduce their capability to deal with change with agility. Specific filesystems, however, may impose …

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Is Gnome Flashback the best windows manager for Linux?

The Linux system call uses the write routine pointed at by the file data structure describing this pipe. If you have a /etc/cron.allow file, this supersedes cron.deny (ie, cron.deny is ignored) and allows only those listed in it to use cron. The only rule is that …

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Can you pass the repquota test?

If you've always wanted to learn programming, whether you want to develop software professionally or just for fun, there's no better platform to cut your teeth on. Linux names IDE disks in the order in which it finds their controllers. Even if you plan to move on to more advanced …

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Is experience with mpg123 an employable skill?

That is, there are no legal restrictions on anyone using, studying, copying, modifying, improving or publishing any recipe. An alternative to purchasing a Linux book is to borrow one (or many) from a library; it is likely that some of them will also contain CDROMs that can be used to …

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Configuration via the terminal

Workspaces is a feature I would never trade for anything else. Not only you earn more capabilities as a developer, you also learn (sometimes the hard way) how to solve issues, monitor your machine for potential problems, configure different components and more. Putting morals before convenience and ease may be …

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Editing with vi and esdcat

Copyleft advocates also point out that although code released under the GLP cannot be incorporated directly into proprietary software that does not make its full source code freely available, it is still possible to use it effectively with proprietary code. If the substring matches more than one job, bash reports …

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Getting up and running with LXDE

When the kernel is asked to open a pathname like this, it walks each directory entry (called a dentry inside of the kernel) in the pathname to find the inode of the next entry. At the same time, many executives have a crude interpretation of its value to corporations?"It's …

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Instance names should not be specified when using timeout

Unlike the MINIX filesystem before it, ext could address up to 2GB of storage and handle 255-character filenames. The size of a file is measured in bytes and is called its length. In addition, as Richard Stallman famously put it, these programs are also "free as in speech, not as …

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Listen to the radio at the Cucumber Linux command line

Open source software isn't free from cost, of course. Where in I/O space the common peripherals (IDE controller, serial port, floppy disk controller and so on) have their registers has been set by convention over the years as the PC architecture has developed. Also there is no mechanism for …

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Data collection under Ubuntu

The GNU C library provides more than its name suggests. The tools philosophy was to have small programs to accomplish a particular task instead of trying to develop large monolithic programs to do a large number of tasks. Let it suffice to say that not every single bug has been …

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Getting started with the Linux script command

It's basically community version of Red Hat without any fee or support. Thus, there is no term free mathematics. Soon enough this will become an extremely tedious task destined for failure. The caricatures speak of wizard-like "graybeards" sitting behind glowing green screens, writing C code and shell scripts, powered by …

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Whats the need for syslogd in this day and age?

Resources include timers, pending signals, open files, network connections, hardware, and IPC mechanisms. Originally, gcc was GNU's version of cc, the C Compiler. What would happen if ACME went out of business or stopped supporting the software due to lack of sales? Collectively the memory space that the hardware peripherals …

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Programming with C++ on Linux

Richard Stallman's stallman.org is a perfect example. This behaviour has spawned a whole new wave of viruses and is a gross breach of privacy. It will recognize a multiline header if the last character on each line but the last is a left parenthesis or comma. Much of enterprise …

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Text Processing and Manipulation

Sections are linear chunks of the object code that load into linear chunks of memory. The size of a file is measured in bytes and is called its length. Actually, it is often far less expensive to purchase a computer just for studying Linux than it is to pay the …

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Identify provide font files

For block (disk) and character devices, these device special files are created by the mknod command and they describe the device using major and minor device numbers. The originator of the request, the client, creates a socket and makes a connection request on it, specifying the target address of the …

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Good fortune at the terminal

Though I make no claim to it's quality, even Microsoft Windows is "free of cost" to consumers. Recently, it got a new Pixel desktop, which has improved the overall look of the OS as well. Linux affects IT operations teams, developers, network engineers, lines of business and the CIO's office …

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