Fundamentals of wget

So what do I mean by transparent? Disk drives provide a more permanent method for storing data, keeping it on spinning disk platters. Like MINIX, it could uncharitably be described as a "toy" example of its kind-the MINIX filesystem could handle filenames only up to 14 characters and address only …

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The ultimate guide to deallocvt

Many developers believe this open-source model makes Linux inherently more secure than a proprietary operating system. Likewise, the smallest logically addressable unit on a filesystem is the block. Even in the days before the Internet, information and so-called "intellectual property" could still be, and were, exchanged. Public domain refers to …

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Job control under Slackware

It contains a compressed kernel image which is used to control the hardware during installation. Its own Software Center has tons of free applications that make it a great Linux OS for programming. Partitioning a disk allows the disk to be used by several operating system or for several purposes …

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The best Video player for the command line

This means that they do not have the standard serial interface that PPPD will be expecting to see when you try to dial out to your Internet Service Provider. Thus, there is no term free mathematics. Linux is that power. These are kept in the pops vector along with the …

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Boost your mastery of bind with these tips

This creates a new vm_area_struct data structure describing the shared memory for this process. A file can be truncated to a new size smaller than its original size, which results in bytes being removed from the end of the file. These efforts are motivated by the interests of a few …

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Getting acquainted with Linpus Linux

This meaning of free software is basically the same as the most common meaning of the term open source software. A complicated system of statistical analysis is employed to ensure that a certain percentage of bugs are fixed before the next release, and that the operating system as a whole …

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Whats the need for crond in this day and age?

Linux, on the other hand, builds on the Unix tradition by offering tried-and-true tools. If you want to use Linux as a platform for a very advanced application or application set, you will be interested in aspects of the system such as kernel hacking, the differences between various filesystems, and …

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Getting your Terminal emulator up and running on Linux

If two signals are generated for a process at the same time then they may be presented to the process or handled in any order. DevOps has existed in the IT buzzword lexicon for several years now, offering a better delineation (and working relationship) between developer and IT operations professionals …

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Developing with ip

By virtue of its open source licensing, Linux is freely available to anyone. The exact meaning of operations on a BSD socket depends on its underlying address family. This sort of memory is very fast but expensive, therefore most processors have a small amount of on-chip cache memory and more …

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Fundamentals of libpipeline

Its instructions are simple load and store instructions (load a value from memory, perform an operation and store the result back into memory). If the default handling is needed, then Linux can optimize the handling of the signal. A mere year later, ext2 ate its lunch. Although the terms free …

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Redirecting output with G2Linx

Almost certainly, but it's doubtful that it would maintain the presence that Android currently enjoys in today's consumer market. For the old system timers the timer_active bit mask is check for bits that are set. There are more than enough Linux haters out there to spotlight their dislikes in Linux …

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Sysadmin and Devops using vdir

If a developer needs a VM or if IT Ops needs to provision a server, they expect to do so quickly and painlessly; Linux's scalability allows for this rapid provisioning, as does its lack of cost-prohibitive licensing. These processes are said to be in the foreground. The file position starts …

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Sysadmin and Devops using script

This is also true for a number of major system tasks where the hardware and software must cooperate closely to achieve their aims. Moreover, most programming languages (if they aren't limited to a particular OS) work on Linux. New processes are created via the fork() system call. Each approach has …

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How to evaluate error messages with showkey

Yet the human factor is probably one of the most significant in not only how smoothly the actual Linux conversion goes but also how well it is adopted and beneficial to your organization. 3D printing would've surely emerged even without Linux, but thanks to the widespread power of the platform …

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Learn mesg to further your career

You can also edit boot options on the fly from the GRUB menu. The operating system then uses the computer hardware to perform the tasks required by the applications. These are independently developed pieces of software that work with the kernel in order to function as a complete operating system …

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Get rid of etags once and for all

Its purpose is to provide a financial incentive for producing such works in order to benefit society as a whole. To understand what OSS is, you must first understand how source code is used to create programs. This subshell reinitializes itself, so that the effect is as if a new …

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Where to get more detail on git

In many ways, Linux and UNIX administration is today much easier than administration for popular commercial personal operating systems because it is much more transparent. But the Linux community is much more than the kernel, and needs contributions from lots of other people besides programmers. Loadlin works from a DOS …

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Tips and tricks for using CUPS for printing with Knoppix

We who are enthusiastic about GNU/Linux want to spread that freedom around. However, this is no less "programming" than anything else. Recently, Linux has replaced this security system with a more general capabilities system. Because it is free software, licensed under the GNU General Public License, Linux obviates the …

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Quick and easy fixes using mount

It is less expensive to acquire. Many OSes don't provide uptime information and thus can't be included; this includes AIX, AS/400, Compaq Tru64, DG/UX, MacOS, NetWare, NT3/Windows 95, NT4/Windows 98, OS/2, OS/390, SCO UNIX, Sony NEWS-OS, SunOS 4, and VM. It'll need a lot …

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No more mistakes with pushd

When I have unmounted the VFAT partition the system detects that I no longer need the VFAT file system module and removes it from the system. If you can use a computer or other electronic device, you can use Linux. The fact that open source code offers complete transparency acts …

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Getting acquainted with Ubuntu Studio

To help bring order to chaos, standards groups codify system interfaces into official standards. The number of bytes that the device driver requests is rounded up to the next block size boundary. To those who believe that even bad attention is better than no attention, being treated as a non-entity …

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Using memory functions

Disk drives provide a more permanent method for storing data, keeping it on spinning disk platters. By contrast, most software carries fine print that denies users these basic rights, leaving them susceptible to the whims of its owners and vulnerable to surveillance. The majority of those working on Free Software …

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Can you get LXDE to work on your own distro?

Why make it easier for them. Linux supports three types of hardware device: character, block and network. For Linux, a vendor can create a device driver for a specific hardware device and expect that, within reason, it will operate across most distributions. They should be given the opportunity to examine …

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Open the gates for rlogin

These extensions are collectively called GNU C, and are documented in Appendix A. It is also an excellent platform for working systems, both open and closed, because it is so heavily customizable for free. The controllers are processors like the CPU itself, they can be viewed as intelligent helpers to …

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Its all about dnssec-keygen

As it's compiled from RHEL sources, most of the commercial software built for RHEL can be made to run on CentOS. Initially, there is only one directory on the disk, the root directory. But the Linux community is much more than the kernel, and needs contributions from lots of other …

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How to evaluate error messages with objcopy

Even your car has Linux running under the hood. For small contributions and bug fixes, it is unlikely that there will be any long-term maintenance expected. For example, when we add a user named "paul," Linux creates a directory /home/paul. The first, the old timer mechanism, has a static …

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How to set up the Perl environment on Ubuntu

It may use the API as-is, or not use it at all: take it or leave it! The device identifier for /dev/hdb, the slave IDE drive on the primary IDE controller is (3,64). awk is actually a programming language designed particularly for text manipulation, but it is widely …

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Troubleshooting hardware problems in ALTLinux

To accomplish more complex tasks, tools would simply be connected together, using pipes. Like so many others I have always thought that one of the greatest attributes of Linux is its diversity of choice, but there are those outside of the Linux world that see this as a negative. None …

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Never mess with apropos and here's the reason why

The second essential factor for a positive and efficient conversion to Linux is directly related to the Hardware Factor. When the last process sharing the memory detaches from it, the pages of the shared memory current in physical memory are freed, as is the shmid_ds data structure for this shared …

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Linux CLI goodness with yum

The system itself is designed with a very open-ended, feature-minded approach. I moved on to larger applications and contributions. Other drivers can be loaded as kernel modules when they are needed. It would not be enough to stop here, though.

Get the most out of ClusterKnoppix

Developing the core is …

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Principles of rpcbind under Linux

In Linux, blocks are generally larger than the sector, but they must be smaller than the page size (the smallest unit addressable by the memory management unit, a hardware component) Common block sizes are 512 bytes, 1 kilobyte, and 4 kilobytes. Even so, most software developers, even those who have …

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Sysadmin and Devops using pathchk

But, as we all know, there are typically many directories on a system. In either case, the kernel simply resolves the pathname to the correct inode. The editing mode may be switched during interactive use by using the -o option to the set built-in command. Whereas sockets communicating over the …

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Getting started with syslogd on Arch Linux

Unlike Windows, Linux requires each user to have an account. Linux keeps looking through the pending list from the start until there is a pass where no semaphore operations can be applied and so no more processes can be woken. Effectively, they define system programming, or at least a common …

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How to install init on Suse

The kernel seamlessly and transparently preempts and reschedules processes, sharing the system's processors among all running processes. The major identifier for the primary IDE controller is 3 and is 22 for the secondary IDE controller. Usually, as bytes in the file are read from or written to, byte-by-byte, the file …

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Open the gates for setkeycodes

If they will then it removes the sem_queue data structure from the operations pending list and applies the semaphore operations to the semaphore array. If, however, that company transitions to Linux, the staff would require little retraining, and little of the custom software would need to be rewritten and retested …

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Installing PCRE

Processes are separate tasks each with their own rights and responsibilities. By using open source software, you can benefit from integrated management. In this case, Direct Memory Access (DMA) controllers are used to allow hardware peripherals to directly access system memory but this access is under strict control and supervision …

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Using more to view text files at the BeatrIX command line

Processes are free to use a FIFO so long as they have appropriate access rights to it. You can customize the terminal, try different text editors, and install desktop environment of your choice. These accounts are combined in to groups to help simplify their management. Every process runs as a …

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Getting the best out of tr when using Ubuntu

When a command terminates on a fatal signal, bash uses the value of 128+signal as the exit status. Institutions that rely solely on commercial-proprietary vendors - whether on-premises or cloud-based - effectively outsource their IT strategy and reduce their capability to deal with change with agility. Specific filesystems, however, may impose …

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Is Gnome Flashback the best windows manager for Linux?

The Linux system call uses the write routine pointed at by the file data structure describing this pipe. If you have a /etc/cron.allow file, this supersedes cron.deny (ie, cron.deny is ignored) and allows only those listed in it to use cron. The only rule is that …

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