How logname can help power your webapp

When a user-space application requests that a given filename be opened, the kernel opens the directory containing the filename and searches for the given name. If the expiry time for an active timer has expired (expiry time is less than the current system jiffies), its timer routine is called and …

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Docker and Amigo Linux

From there, the kernel gets the inode for plunder. You probably only have one screen, right? The routine will be called when the element on the task queue is processed and it will be passed a pointer to the data. Even when you're programming in another language, the C library …

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How to set up the Zsh environment on Ubuntu

The device driver places bytes onto the queue, one by one, and user space reads the bytes in the order that they were placed on the queue. Although Linux was only created in 1991, the number of Linux users estimated by Red Hat in 1998 was 7.5 million, and …

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Using the cal tool on Kali

After submitting a contribution using the process described in the documentation, you will need to be available to respond to feedback. The entire Linux kernel was written from scratch, without employing any code from proprietary sources. Instead, the kernel keeps parts of the process resident in memory to allow the …

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How to get more from logout

If you desire to use Linux as an Internet Web server, you can simply recompile the Linux kernel to include only the support needed to be an Internet Web server. There is also a view that, regardless of the extent to which each of these approaches proves to be best …

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System administration commands and daemons

The history of Unix begins at AT&T Bell Labs in the late 1960s with a small team of programmers looking to write a multi-tasking, multi-user operating system for the PDP-7. GNU/Linux increases personal computing freedom. Synchronous jobs started by bash have signals set to the values inherited by …

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Does colrm sometimes make you feel stupid?

For example, the term open source is of much more recent origin. Device drivers have to be careful when using memory. Those licenses must adhere to the open source definition but might contain extra conditions that the open source defini- tion does not. It is interruptible, so it can receive …

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A technical overview of unrar

If the command name contains no slashes, the shell attempts to locate it. The most precious resource in the system is the CPU, usually there is only one. The proto_ops data structure consists of the address family type and a set of pointers to socket operation routines specific to a …

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The ultimate guide to zdiff

In this case the semaphore clean up code simply discards the sem_undo data structure. Sometimes the DMA channel for a device can be set by jumpers; a number of ethernet devices use this technique. Even if we make an unwise decision, we make it for a rational reason that shines …

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What's the purpose of the SPEAKUP_DOCS.TXT file?

In 1989 Stallman invented the concept of copyleft, which is aimed specifically at preventing any recurrence of the type of takeover of free software that had occurred earlier in that decade. You can also edit boot options on the fly from the GRUB menu. Time enough for a soapbox. Those …

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Redirecting standard output on the Amigo Linux operating system

Libraries were written and ported, filesystems developed, and hardware drivers written for many popular devices. An exit status of zero indicates success. Tied closely to IoT is the drone trend, that of remotely controlled flying robots. A character device is accessed as a linear queue of bytes.

Shortcuts for nameif …

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Is Cinnamon the best windows manager for Linux?

With respect to language standards, Linux fares well. Note that Windows NT systems cannot be included in this survey (because their uptimes couldn't be counted). 99 in Windows). The minor device numbers are used to distinguish between different devices and their controllers, for example each partition on the primary IDE …

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Adventures with column and Arch

Some applications are written exclusively to higher-level abstractions. This means that you cannot DMA directly into the virtual address space of a process. Whenever you refer to a file or directory on the command line you are actually referring to a path and your path can be constructed using any …

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Job control under DragOnLinux

Specific filesystems, however, may impose their own restrictions, imposing a smaller ceiling on the maximum length. It is not possible to directly link user-space applications with kernel space. In many ways, Linux and UNIX administration is today much easier than administration for popular commercial personal operating systems because it is …

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How much do you know about the Linux if command?

That is, there are no legal restrictions on anyone using, studying, copying, modifying, improving or publishing any recipe. Luckily, basic maintenance and basic security are pretty easy. One of the best parts about Gentoo, which is also a curse for some people, is its ability to configure what compilation flags …

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How biff can help power your webapp

The API merely defines the interface; the piece of software that actually provides the API is known as the implementation of the API. Finally, when the connection is no longer needed it can be shutdown. Once connection has been made, any of the (usually) several browsers available can be used …

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Let your Slackware terminal speak its mind

This means that if a system has two IDE controllers there will be entries for the IDE subsystem at indices at 3 and 22 in the blk_dev and blkdevs vectors. When someone detects a bug it reports it to the community and they release a patch as soon as possible …

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Developing with COBOL in a Linux container

If you've been developing on Windows for a couple of years, you've likely experienced a catastrophic failure at some point, or had to move all your dev tools to a new version of Windows. The first IDE controller in the system is known as the primary IDE controller, the next …

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Unwrapping dnssec-signkey

It has BlueJ, Geany, Greenfoot, Mathematica, Python, Node-RED, Scratch, and other tools for making your learning process more effective. The address bus specifies the memory locations (addresses) for the data transfers. The target host that owns the IP address, responds with an ARP reply that contains its physical hardware address …

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A simple guide to ul

However, this is definitely no loss. Big data, the collective term for the mountains of information produced by businesses, can hold the keys to more efficient operations and even increased revenues by identifying new opportunities, but first this data must be sorted, parsed and analyzed. As you can see, the …

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Acceptable parameters when the file operation matters

Whenever a VFS inode representing a character special file is created, its file operations are set to the default character device operations . For this reason, it is referred to as Open Source Software (OSS). Rather than having to satisfy a set of needs laid out by a single department head …

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Sick and tired of using crontab the same way?

Microsoft was recently discovered to be using code stolen from a competitor on a social networking site, even though the code was never released. The Systemd-boot bootloader program is starting to gain popularity in Linux distribu- tions that use the systemd init method (see the next section). A process is …

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Is Deepin the best windows manager for Linux?

As of April 2008, Linux had fewer than 100 known viruses, whereas Windows had more than 1,000,000 known viruses. In all, the process used by commercial UNIX developers to maintain and support their code is very complicated, and quite reasonably so. If ABC instead chose to use an …

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The key to success with kbd_mode

Whenever a process has to wait the operating system takes the CPU away from that process and gives it to another, more deserving process. The container is when the image is running, such as loading an ISO file in Virtualbox and installing it. Writing a byte to a file position …

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Quick and easy fixes using mail

Developing the core is pretty serious business, involving pretty serious computer science. But the existence and popularity of the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), as well as more recently announced capabilities like the Windows port of Docker, including LCOW (Linux containers on Windows) support, are evidence of the impact that …

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Installing a web server under Cub Linux

As the writing process writes to the pipe, bytes are copied into the shared data page and when the reading process reads from the pipe, bytes are copied from the shared data page. To make it easy to find, the current, running, process is pointed to by the current pointer …

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Fall in love with atq

Behavior changes and features are added. Aliases are expanded when the function definition is read, not when the function is executed, because a function definition is itself a compound command. As long as the system appears to be free of critical or oft-manifesting bugs, it is considered ``stable' and new …

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Old school Linux with the telnet utility

In the Linux world, a large number of users will always prefer to compile applications from source, rather than using an installer package. Outsource open source software development to O2I and benefit from high-quality services at a cost-effective price. However, that can leave your Linux system vulnerable to attack, and …

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Create your own video streaming server with BioKnoppix

As a result, software developers choose a programming language to create source code based on ease of use, functionality, and comfort level. The currently pending signals are kept in the signal field with a mask of blocked signals held in blocked. The POSIX standard was born in 1988, as well …

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Focus on the outcome when using cdparanoia

It also helps to know how to access the Internet and be able to do basic web searches with a search engine such as Yahoo or Google. Of course, we knew that all along. This means that subsequent INET socket calls can easily retrieve the sock data structure. For example …

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Understanding the backup generator game

Named pipes (often called FIFOs, short for "first in, first out") are an interprocess communication (IPC) mechanism that provides a communication channel over a file descriptor, accessed via a special file. I say somewhat, because the use of sed in conjunction with pipes is somewhat more comfortable (at least to …

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How to set up the Perl environment on Ubuntu

A keyboard is an example of a character device. Not only you earn more capabilities as a developer, you also learn (sometimes the hard way) how to solve issues, monitor your machine for potential problems, configure different components and more. However, free software itself is not. The takeover of software …

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Answered - your most burning edquota questions

However, this is no less "programming" than anything else. On these foundationless grounds, what would be the problem with using Skype and locking not only yourself, but also all of your friends, into one company's software and protocol? It uses YUM for package management. A host wishing to know the …

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Docker and CRUX

Many developers believe this open-source model makes Linux inherently more secure than a proprietary operating system. You can find good software out there for processing your access file. Each type of device has its own special device file. A block is usually a power-of-two multiple of the sector size.

Old …

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How can I help with Linux?

The access file logs every visit to your web site. For example, a processor could execute an instruction every clock pulse. A way to prevent that is regular updates and only download software, themes and plugns form reliable sources. It looks at each member of the operations pending queue (sem_pending …

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Using the rev tool on Kali

Finally there is the main memory which relative to the external cache memory is very slow. Yes, it behaved slightly differently, but I found I could be much more efficient - while using Free Software! There are various other techniques how to define shell interpreter, but this is a solid start …

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Can you install Kubuntu on the Rasberry Pi?

Because of the diversity of the Linux community and the many needs which the software is attempting to meet, not eveything can be taken care of for you all of the time. Quite the contrary, the artisans and artists who craft software which can be shared, improved, and shared again …

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What's the purpose of the CHECKSUMS.md5.asc file?

As you can see, long hand command line options begin with two dashes ( -- ) and short hand options begin with a single dash ( - ). Use man command to display manual page of any desired command. There are several good reasons for becoming familiar with Linux. Where do you think Microsoft gets its …

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Listen to the radio at the DamnSmallLinux command line

Proficiency with the proprietary Unixes has always been considered valuable, and it is well rewarded in the job market. The results of such concurrent accesses rely on the ordering of the individual operations, and are generally unpredictable. But I don't see the need for a true Linux Advocate to spotlight …

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