Docker and Amigo Linux

From there, the kernel gets the inode for plunder. You probably only have one screen, right? The routine will be called when the element on the task queue is processed and it will be passed a pointer to the data. Even when you're programming in another language, the C library …

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Will LXDE work without X Windows?

The basics of Unix programming have existed untouched for decades. So, if the operation value is 2, then -2 is added to the adjustment entry for this semaphore. Linux provides kernel memory allocation and deallocation routines and it is these that the device drivers use. Relative to the on-CPU cache …

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Focus on the outcome when using cdparanoia

This hides the underlying differences from the generic system calls which read and write to ordinary files. It was a failure. When it boots, it automati- cally looks for a GRUB 2 bootloader image file named grubx64.efi, also in the uefi folder on the system. Windows 10 is perhaps …

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How makedbm can help power your webapp

It links the sock data structure to the BSD socket data structure using the data pointer in the BSD socket. The GNU C library provides more than its name suggests. The advocate could further explain why one particular distro was chosen and what software came pre-packaged/easily installed that made …

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How to set up the Zsh environment on Ubuntu

The device driver places bytes onto the queue, one by one, and user space reads the bytes in the order that they were placed on the queue. Although Linux was only created in 1991, the number of Linux users estimated by Red Hat in 1998 was 7.5 million, and …

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How much do you know about the Linux slabtop command?

insmod physically writes the address of the symbol into the appropriate place in the module. Aliases are expanded when the function definition is read, not when the function is executed, because a function definition is itself a compound command. Once connection has been made, any of the (usually) several browsers …

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Interesting apps based on ifconfig

Linux runs faster than both Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 thanks to its light-weight architecture. Common feedback would include questions about how something works or why you chose a particular approach along with suggestions for improvements or requests for changes. A block device cannot transfer or access a unit …

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A simple guide to ld

The saved uid stores the original effective uid; its value is used in deciding what effective uid values the user may switch to. The installation and setup process of this Linux distro for programmers is almost just like Fedora. The address bus specifies the memory locations (addresses) for the data …

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Getting your CD ripper up and running on Linux

Although directories are treated like normal files, the kernel does not allow them to be opened and manipulated like regular files. Any ethernet frame transmitted to that address will be received by the addressed host but ignored by all the other hosts connected to the network. Some operating systems, such …

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Quick and easy fixes using mkisofs

It will even automatically look for requests for missing or non-existent web pages, known as 404s. Most of the servers that hold the entire internet are Linux-based for many reasons that will not be listed here. The access file logs every visit to your web site. The shell program is …

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Sysadmin and Devops using RedHat

So when you're writing something in your word processor and you want to check out something on the web, no need to review all your windows to find your browser, stacked all the way behind the others. Thus, the computer will request replacement of the disks during the course of …

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Understanding the fundamentals of quota

By calling bash executable binary explicitly, the content of our file date.sh is loaded and interpreted as Bash Shell Script. For most users, LILO works best. A block device cannot transfer or access a unit of data smaller than a sector and all I/O must occur in terms …

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Redirecting standard output on the Kubuntu operating system

Another great quality of this dependable Linux distro for developers is its software delivery method. By contrast, most software carries fine print that denies users these basic rights, leaving them susceptible to the whims of its owners and vulnerable to surveillance. Advocating Linux is rarely an easy task. The saved …

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Linux adventures with ypset

However, they seem to be forgetting that, while some action we make won't directly influence everybody, every action we make affects somebody. It is vital that we keep a philosophical approach so that our beliefs stand behind our actions. This instruction causes a switch into kernel space, the protected realm …

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Downloading using Gwget

This integration would result in efficient administration. Filesystems usually exist physically (i.e., are stored on disk), although Linux also supports virtual filesystems that exist only in memory, and network filesystems that exist on machines across the network. Most processes consist of only a single thread; they are called single-threaded …

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How to evaluate error messages with bzless

Absolute paths specify a location (file or directory) in relation to the root directory. A 100Mhz processor will receive 100,000,000 clock ticks every second. Background processes that attempt to read from (write to) the terminal are sent a SIGTTIN (SIGTTOU) signal by the terminal driver, which, unless caught …

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Work in progress asynchronous email client

One obvious part of Linux is the kernel itself; but even that would be useless without libraries or shells. A lot of commands on the terminal will rely on you being in the right location. Another great quality of this dependable Linux distro for developers is its software delivery method …

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Getting a mail server up and running on Qimo 4 Kids

They will not begin with a slash. In general, failing to agree with the standards is considered a bug. Not all four entries in the partition table have to be used. None other than the system call handler!

Scan the results of parameter expansion

The list goes on. To address …

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Using the cal tool on Kali

After submitting a contribution using the process described in the documentation, you will need to be available to respond to feedback. The entire Linux kernel was written from scratch, without employing any code from proprietary sources. Instead, the kernel keeps parts of the process resident in memory to allow the …

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Getting up and running with Lumina

These common interfaces mean that the kernel can treat often very different devices and their device drivers absolutely the same. In order to be accessed, a file must first be opened. It has the same rights and responsibilities as any kernel code; in other words, Linux kernel modules can crash …

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File formats and conventions

Because Linux has such a large number of contributors from across multiple decades of development, contacting each individual author and getting them to agree to a new license is virtually impossible, so that Linux remaining licensed under the GPLv2 in perpetuity is all but assured. They prefer the term open …

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Actionable tips for mastering babeltrace

federal government. A pipe (its two file data structures, its VFS inode and the shared data page) is created in one go whereas a FIFO already exists and is opened and closed by its users. Another disadvantage of Open Source is the support service. If the expiry time for an …

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Does mklost+found sometimes make you feel stupid?

If the process has not blocked the signal and is waiting but interruptible (in state Interruptible) then it is woken up by changing its state to Running and making sure that it is in the run queue. In addition to implementing the standard C library, glibc provides wrappers for system …

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Acceptable parameters when the widget resource matters

Closed source software can be distributed for free or for a cost; either way, the source code for the software is unavailable from the original developers. In Linux, no further organization or formatting is specified for a file. Until Linux came along it was either Windows or Macintosh - take it …

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Starting the ypbind daemon at boot time

Approaching open source contributions without a strategy can tarnish a company's reputation in the open source community and incur legal risks. If the program is a file beginning with #!, the remainder of the first line specifies an interpreter for the program. What happens if you load a module built for …

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My experience with Joli OS

It only looks at modules marked as AUTOCLEAN and in the state RUNNING. The shell program is what presents the prompt and accepts subsequent commands. The so-called open source and free software development models started with the Free Software Foundation and were popularized with Linux. The shim mini-bootloader file is …

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How to get more from logout

If you desire to use Linux as an Internet Web server, you can simply recompile the Linux kernel to include only the support needed to be an Internet Web server. There is also a view that, regardless of the extent to which each of these approaches proves to be best …

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System administration commands and daemons

The history of Unix begins at AT&T Bell Labs in the late 1960s with a small team of programmers looking to write a multi-tasking, multi-user operating system for the PDP-7. GNU/Linux increases personal computing freedom. Synchronous jobs started by bash have signals set to the values inherited by …

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Can a distro make the difference?

At that time a new generation of computers with proprietary operating systems was introduced, and their vendors required that users sign non-disclosure statements in order to obtain copies of the operating systems. Software running on the CPU must be able to read and write those controlling registers. (To be a …

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How to restart a network in Arch

Open Source software, like its name suggests, provides users with an open code that can be freely used, modified, and shared by everyone. The so-called open source and free software development models started with the Free Software Foundation and were popularized with Linux. Each filesystem is mounted to a specific …

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Does colrm sometimes make you feel stupid?

For example, the term open source is of much more recent origin. Device drivers have to be careful when using memory. Those licenses must adhere to the open source definition but might contain extra conditions that the open source defini- tion does not. It is interruptible, so it can receive …

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Understanding the character limit game

They come in multiple varieties, including the Unix domain socket, which is the form of socket used for communication within the local machine. The GNU C library provides more than its name suggests. The bss section was conceived solely as an optimization for this purpose. Unix systems, however, are dynamic …

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A simple mistake with rwall could cause many problems

If you find a bug, report it! The format most common in Linux is called Executable and Linkable Format (ELF). But all things come to an end eventually. You would want that file access to be strictly coordinated.

How much do you know about the Linux rlogin command?

Each process …

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Configuration management under BioKnoppix

The same good practices and understanding of the underlying system inform and benefit all forms of programming. That way you can still change the GRUB 2 bootloader image without having to worry about the digitally signed shim.efi file. Because your server will be probably Linux-based as well, it will …

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The best Video player for the command line

A non-zero exit status indicates failure. Linux, on the other hand, builds on the Unix tradition by offering tried-and-true tools. The first IDE controller in the system is known as the primary IDE controller, the next the secondary controller and so on. This means that you cannot DMA directly into …

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Never mess with domainname and here's the reason why

As a result of this restriction, artistic licenses are rarely used because many developers do not want to work on potentially futile projects. So, you can focus on the development work and leave other worries aside. The CPU can access both the system space memory and the I/O space …

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Really small Python script

The price for a Windows license amounts to an average of one fourth of each new computer's price. Many of the devices you own probably, such as Android phones, digital storage devices, personal video recorders, cameras, wearables, and more, also run Linux. Linux systems always have a root filesystem. Again …

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A technical overview of unrar

If the command name contains no slashes, the shell attempts to locate it. The most precious resource in the system is the CPU, usually there is only one. The proto_ops data structure consists of the address family type and a set of pointers to socket operation routines specific to a …

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