Getting involved in your own distro

By applying the foundational principals behind two factors, even the most techno-phobic and proprietary software entrenched small sized companies can painlessly move to Linux on the Desktop. It looks at each member of the operations pending queue (sem_pending) in turn, testing to see if the semphore operations will succeed this …

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Understanding the library linker game

Becoming familiar with Linux can result in a substantial financial savings because the software (both the operating system and the application programs) is available for free and because Linux can run on older and cheaper computers. In 1978, Kernighan and Ritchie wrote, "The C Programming Language," a book that is …

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How to install ddrescue on Ubuntu

If the kernel handles the signals, it will do the default actions required for this signal. The target host that owns the IP address, responds with an ARP reply that contains its physical hardware address. First, arrow to the boot option that you want to modify, and then press the …

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No more mistakes with dd

A vi-style line editing interface is also available. So that modules can use the kernel resources that they need, they must be able to find them. The GNU C library provides more than its name suggests. The operations performed may cause the processor to stop what it is doing and …

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Boost your mastery of bzip2 with these tips

It interprets the commands the user types in and arranges for them to be carried out. The process of booting your Linux system can sometimes be easy and sometimes be difficult. Upgrading from one version to another is also painless. In addition to implementing the standard C library, glibc provides …

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Understanding the fundamentals of iproute2

An interrupt driven device driver is one where the hardware device being controlled will raise a hardware interrupt whenever it needs to be serviced. Thus they are also called built-in commands. Most of the Linux kernel is written in the C programming language, with a little bit of assembly and …

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Which IDE is best for developing with Dart on the Rasberry Pi?

Its entries are also device_struct data structures. Copyright does not protect facts, discoveries, ideas, systems or methods of operation, although it can protect the way they are expressed. Remember that the shell is a program providing you with an interface to the Linux system. Binary compatibility is maintained across a …

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Sysadmin and Devops using pathchk

But, as we all know, there are typically many directories on a system. In either case, the kernel simply resolves the pathname to the correct inode. The editing mode may be switched during interactive use by using the -o option to the set built-in command. Whereas sockets communicating over the …

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Interesting apps based on tailf

For new system timers, the entries in the linked list of timer_list data structures are checked. One of the main arguments used for Free Software is the advantage of not reinventing the wheel, yet in the case of nearly every hole in the software platform to fill, there are at …

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Tips and tricks for using CUPS for printing with Elive

Symbolic links look like regular files. It is time for the opening of the tools that will be needed to build this new age. In fact, part of the freedom of free software is that anyone has the right to sell an executable program released under a free software license …

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Where to get more detail on git

When there are no more characters left to read, the device returns end-of-file (EOF). On GNU/Linux systems a file command can be used to identify a type of the file. Unlike most other operating systems, Linux is freely developed and continu- ously improved by a large community of software …

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Its all about rdate

As such it is possible to have two or more files and directories with the same name but letters of different case. I say somewhat, because the use of sed in conjunction with pipes is somewhat more comfortable (at least to this author) for substitution of text in files. Software …

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Minimize speed when using your first accepted version

Hard links allow for complex filesystem structures with multiple pathnames pointing to the same data. You may need to go through several rounds of resubmission and additional feedback before your code is accepted, and in some cases it may be rejected. Share your personal experiences (good and bad) with Linux …

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Does env sometimes make you feel stupid?

Each filesystem is mounted to a specific location in the namespace, known as a mount point. For the old system timers the timer_active bit mask is check for bits that are set. NASA spacecrafts, Motorola cell phones, Google Android smart- phones and tablets, Amazon Kindle eBook readers, TomTom GPS navigation …

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Is Pantheon the best windows manager for Linux?

In either case, the kernel simply resolves the pathname to the correct inode. Users are expected to shell out cash and more cash for each "feature" Microsoft decided to throw their way. Compare this to a floppy disk which only spins at 360 RPM. It is a synthasisable core and …

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Sysadmin and Devops using talkd

It can also be a Macintosh or almost any other type of computer. The overhead of symbolic links is minimal, but it is still considered a negative. Setting up TCP/IP connections is very different from setting up an amateur radio X.25 connection. Red Hat or Slackware) comes with …

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Minimize speed when using your first defined symbol

The Graphical User Interface is much easier and I can already do most of what I need there." To a certain extent you would be right, and by no means am I suggesting you should ditch the GUI. Networking the critical aspects of a city, from manhole covers and traffic …

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My experience with LiMux

They are accessed via block device files. Freedom not to have to pay $300 or $400 for making your computer even useful, for something other than a calculator. The application can then trap into the kernel through this well-defined mechanism and execute only code that the kernel allows it to …

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Developing with AppleScript in a Linux container

awk is actually a programming language designed particularly for text manipulation, but it is widely used as an on-the-spot tool for administration. Notably, Linux is the fastest growing operating system released to date. Linux is a multiprocessing operating system, its objective is to have a process running on each CPU …

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Understanding the fundamentals of CUPS

The smallest addressable unit on a block device is the sector. With the connection established both ends are free to send and receive data. When it is started up, usually at system boot time, it opens up an Inter-Process Communication (IPC) channel to the kernel. At kernel initialization time, the …

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Get rid of declare once and for all

The default action for the SIGFPE signal will core dump the process and then cause it to exit. Any of the bytes within a file may be read from or written to. Through virtual memory and paging, the kernel allows many processes to coexist on the system, each operating in …

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The importance of psmisc on the Rasberry Pi

Processes are generally associated with a user's login group, not any of the supplemental groups. Sometimes the DMA channel for a device can be set by jumpers; a number of ethernet devices use this technique. In user space, Linux implements threads in accordance with POSIX 1003.1c (known as Pthreads …

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Is experience with mpg123 an employable skill?

However, not all Linux installations use GNU components as a part of their operating system. In that case, the new bytes (which are added to the end of the file) are filled with zeros. Although the source code must be made freely available in all cases, there is no requirement …

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Getting up and running with Lumina

The read/write heads are moved across the surface of the platters by an actuator. The Linux kernel, supporting both preemptive multitasking and virtual memory, provides every process both a virtualized processor and a virtualized view of memory. Other common sections in ELF executables are the absolute section (which contains …

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Getting started with syslogd on Arch Linux

Unlike Windows, Linux requires each user to have an account. Linux keeps looking through the pending list from the start until there is a pass where no semaphore operations can be applied and so no more processes can be woken. Effectively, they define system programming, or at least a common …

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How easy is it to learn the xfsprogs utility?

Its own Software Center has tons of free applications that make it a great Linux OS for programming. Another good example is the PCI bus which allows each device (for example a graphics card) to be accessed independently. Apart from the ability of a loaded module to crash the operating …

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Troubleshooting hardware problems in Gnoppix

Automation is also a game-changer using the terminal. Open source has become the de facto way to build software - not only in tech, but across diverse industries. In 1991, this final gap was filled by Linux, a kernel which was written independently of the GNU project by Linus Torvalds, then …

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How to install init on Suse

The kernel seamlessly and transparently preempts and reschedules processes, sharing the system's processors among all running processes. The major identifier for the primary IDE controller is 3 and is 22 for the secondary IDE controller. Usually, as bytes in the file are read from or written to, byte-by-byte, the file …

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Does it run under KDE on the Linux Lite distro?

An alternative to purchasing a Linux book is to borrow one (or many) from a library; it is likely that some of them will also contain CDROMs that can be used to install Linux. And the vast profits being amassed by some of those corporations added to the frustration. Instead …

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Generating use cases for Smalltalk

The IDE disks are controlled by the IDE controller chip and the SCSI disks by the SCSI disk controller chips and so on. Press the B key to boot the system using the new values. The source code for Linux is under copyright by its many individual authors, and licensed …

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Open the gates for setkeycodes

If they will then it removes the sem_queue data structure from the operations pending list and applies the semaphore operations to the semaphore array. If, however, that company transitions to Linux, the staff would require little retraining, and little of the custom software would need to be rewritten and retested …

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Installing PCRE

Processes are separate tasks each with their own rights and responsibilities. By using open source software, you can benefit from integrated management. In this case, Direct Memory Access (DMA) controllers are used to allow hardware peripherals to directly access system memory but this access is under strict control and supervision …

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Getting started with the Linux modinfo command

What interesting system calls are provided in Linux compared to other Unix variants? Yet, it was relatively little used for computer software prior to the development of UNIX, and even today its great benefits fail to be fully exploited by other operating systems, most notably the Microsoft Windows systems. A …

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Using more to view text files at the BeatrIX command line

Processes are free to use a FIFO so long as they have appropriate access rights to it. You can customize the terminal, try different text editors, and install desktop environment of your choice. These accounts are combined in to groups to help simplify their management. Every process runs as a …

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Does it run under KDE on the Ubuntu distro?

Keep in mind that these are only conventions---not rules. It is time for the opening of the tools that will be needed to build this new age. Numerous such standards exist but, technically speaking, Linux does not officially comply with any of them. When using Linux, you often face configurations …

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Scripts vs Compiled Programs

When writing programs to automate – well, everything – always use shell scripts. Because shell scripts are stored in ASCII text format, they can be easily viewed and modified by humans just as easily as they can by computers. You can examine a shell program and see exactly what it does and …

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Using the Linux Command Line

Working with the Linux operating system requires you to have knowledge about the terminal and the command line. It is essential to know what these things are, to be at least slightly familiar with their usage and the standard commands available. What is a Terminal? A terminal is described as …

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How to set up the C environment on Ubuntu

From the inode number, the inode is found. To be safe, always put alias definitions on a separate line, and do not use alias in compound commands.and comments, except that the function name must be the first thing on the line. These extensions are collectively called GNU C, and …

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