Has nslookup gone past its sell by date?

It avoids nasty surprises, spyware, result rigging and all kinds of issues that we can't be absolutely sure to avoid in closed software. The kernel directly uses this mapping to perform name-to-inode resolutions. Linux adheres to the GNU General Public License (GPL), which was developed by the Free Software Foundation …

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Getting your Terminal emulator up and running on Linux

Its latest releases often inspire the other Linux distributions to adopt new features and make changes. Any site that is requested through the "what's that site running" query form at Netcraft.com is added to the set of sites that are routinely sampled; Netcraft doesn't routinely monitor all 22 million …

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What are your thoughts on the new Kali Linux distribution?

and insert it as the first line of your script. Some people, particularly members of the Free Software Foundation, refer to this collection as GNU/Linux, because many of the tools included are GNU components. These categories determine what powers are available to a user. Unlike Windows, Linux requires each …

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Getting the best out of install when using Ubuntu

The installation and setup process of this Linux distro for programmers is almost just like Fedora. For some small business leaders I've consulted, the human factor is either a notion to be rejected or ignored. Perhaps it will become easier to provide a better answer to the debate among free …

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Watch YouTube videos at the PocketLinux terminal

This software universe had been going on behind my back for years. These common interfaces mean that the kernel can treat often very different devices and their device drivers absolutely the same. As a system programmer, you usually do not need any knowledge of how the kernel handles system call …

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How much do you know about the Linux mmv command?

Although initially intimidating for many inexperienced users, using an all-text mode, also referred to as a command line interface (CLI) or a shell, can provide valuable experience for those who want to become truly proficient at Linux. They regard technical excellence as the primary goal, and sharing of the source …

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Configuring swapper in easy steps

Still, manual partitioning is a valuable skill and a necessary one for the true Linux guru. It is time for the opening of the tools that will be needed to build this new age. Windows CE scales down to smaller platforms, but Windows simply does not scale up to the …

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Create your own video streaming server with VectorLinux

Getting involved with kernel development is, paradoxically, both easier than it seems like it should be, and also ridiculously difficult. These unique addresses are built into each ethernet device when they are manufactured and it is usually kept in an SROM2 on the ethernet card. Different distributions have chosen varying …

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Linux adventures with tar

When job control is not in effect, background jobs (jobs started with &) ignore SIGINT and SIGQUIT. The examples continue, but all hit the same chord: there is no use in preventing the spread of information. It is a synthasisable core and ARM (the company) does not itself manufacture processors. Sed …

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Interesting apps based on ranlib

Users of closed source operating systems must report the bug to the manufacturer and wait for the manufacturer to develop, test, and release a solution to the problem, known as a hot fix. A regular file contains bytes of data, organized into a linear array called a byte stream. As …

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Old school Linux with the shutdown utility

An inode stores metadata associated with a file, such as its modification timestamp, owner, type, length, and the location of the file's data-but no filename! Sed, as you saw in our example, is basically used for altering a text file without actually having to open it up in a traditional …

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Can you pass the chfn test?

You might be amazed that such a nonstructured system of volunteers, programming and debugging a complete UNIX system, could get anything done at all. The first way is to use the insmod command to manually insert the it into the kernel. There is also a devout following of Linux. It's …

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The ultimate guide to rusersd

As ethernet frames can carry many different protocols (as data) they, like IP packets, contain a protocol identifier in their headers. The issues with the Diebold [2] voting systems in the US is testament [3] to the need for transparent systems that are trustworthy. Linux at heart is a command-line …

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Getting acquainted with Mandriva Linux

So, /dev/hda2, the second partition of the primary IDE disk has a major number of 3 and a minor number of 2. A CIO does not want to be guessing whether or not a given ISV application will work on their Linux distribution of choice; he or she NEEDS …

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Is Gnome the best windows manager for Linux?

For some small business leaders I've consulted, the human factor is either a notion to be rejected or ignored. Consequently, nowadays gcc is used as the generic name for the family of GNU compilers. First is the Human Factor, which includes the psychological issues with change, any kind of change …

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Focus on the outcome when using ping

In this article we will introduce you to why these accounts are important. Whenever a process has to wait the operating system takes the CPU away from that process and gives it to another, more deserving process. If you love the rolling Linux distributions (here are some fixed vs rolling …

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Focus on the outcome when using ram

Every program that is running is called a process. A process's resources, along with data and statistics related to the process, are stored inside the kernel in the process's process descriptor. I use Linux for everything. Accepting Linux need not mean using it or even liking it.

Running swapper inside …

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A simple guide to cardctl

Institutions that invest in open source software as part of an institutional mixed software economy that includes open source retain the flexibility to adapt to changed circumstances and challenges. When new users encounter Linux, they often have a few misconceptions and false expectations of the system. Most of the malware …

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Graphical tools for manipulating PDFs on the PHLAK desktop

However, Linux does not require the use of such Anti-Virus programs. The kernel modules are linked object files just like other programs in the system except that they are linked as a relocatable images. For many people, the next step will be to carefully read a good introductory book on …

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Open the gates for rlogin

These extensions are collectively called GNU C, and are documented in Appendix A. It is also an excellent platform for working systems, both open and closed, because it is so heavily customizable for free. The controllers are processors like the CPU itself, they can be viewed as intelligent helpers to …

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Here's what no-one tells you about test

None other than the system call handler! The shell program is what presents the prompt and accepts subsequent commands. If you want to use Linux as a platform for a very advanced application or application set, you will be interested in aspects of the system such as kernel hacking, the …

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Quick and easy fixes using modprobe

The software that handles or manages a hardware controller is known as a device driver. The platters are attached to a central spindle and spin at a constant speed that can vary between 3000 and 10,000 RPM depending on the model. We can access the database from other programs …

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Has nslookup gone past its sell by date?

The kernel calls the modules initialization routine and, if it is successful it carries on installing the module. The caricatures speak of wizard-like "graybeards" sitting behind glowing green screens, writing C code and shell scripts, powered by old-fashioned, drip-brewed coffee. The importance of Linux to enterprise IT was highlighted very …

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Which is the best Office suite for Ubuntu?

One more thing, if you don't want your programming Linux distro to be devoid of systemd, there's an OpenRC spin for that. Thanks to Linux and the broader world of open source, this methodology becomes clearer and easier to implement on an almost daily basis, as new Linux-based innovations, like …

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Its all about dnssec-keygen

As it's compiled from RHEL sources, most of the commercial software built for RHEL can be made to run on CentOS. Initially, there is only one directory on the disk, the root directory. But the Linux community is much more than the kernel, and needs contributions from lots of other …

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Starting the systemd daemon at boot time

From the inode number, the inode is found. So what do I mean by transparent? As a standard user, you are essentially restricted to working with files of your own creation. bash allows the current readline key bindings to be displayed or modified with the bind built-in command.

How to …

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Background information on login

Behavior changes and features are added. So, the FAT module contains a reference to the VFAT module; the reference was added when the VFAT module was loaded. A way to prevent that is regular updates and only download software, themes and plugns form reliable sources. But, if we each have …

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Understanding the fundamentals of xfsdump

Its one-time installation is sufficient and every time a new version is released (very early every month), you get an updated machine. Background processes are those whose process group ID differs from the terminal's; such processes are immune to keyboard-generated signals. There will always be at least two kinds of …

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System administration commands and daemons

With each passing day, Linux gains more users and becomes much more user friendly. An operating system needs to be able to schedule an activity sometime in the future. A process that has terminated, but has not yet been waited upon, is called a zombie. When entering the text of …

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Does ip sometimes make you feel stupid?

The list goes on. Although the terms free software and open source software are usually used more or less interchangeably, there are some subtle differences. Advocates of copyleft respond by pointing out that there is no such thing as absolute freedom. So, the FAT module contains a reference to the …

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How to evaluate error messages with objcopy

Even your car has Linux running under the hood. For small contributions and bug fixes, it is unlikely that there will be any long-term maintenance expected. For example, when we add a user named "paul," Linux creates a directory /home/paul. The first, the old timer mechanism, has a static …

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Understanding the fundamentals of systemd

When you enter commands, they are actually stored in a history. If you do this, or try to exit again immediately, you are not warned again, and the stopped jobs are terminated. But the Linux community is much more than the kernel, and needs contributions from lots of other people …

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No more mistakes with touch

The thorough and col- laborative open source approach to testing software and fixing software bugs increases the stability of Linux; it is not uncommon to find a Linux system that has been running contin- uously for months or even years without being turned off.Security, a vital concern for most …

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Instance names should not be specified when using at

Indeed, in the case of Linux-based cash registers, it would in all likelihood be a security risk to release the code to a wide audience. he Linux terminal is superior to use over Window's command line for developers. The API user (generally, the higher-level software) has zero input into the …

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Programming with Python on Ubuntu Kylin

The world economy will not collapse if creators of software choose to share their work with the world. Running a UNIX system is not an easy task, not even for commercial versions of UNIX. Open source software isn't free from cost, of course. Make use of this command often so …

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Getting C++ and Red Hat Linux to play nicely

The number of bytes that the device driver requests is rounded up to the next block size boundary. One is AbiWord, a standalone word processor that is both comparable to and compatible with Microsoft Word. These tables include pointers to routines and information that support the interface with that class …

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Graphical tools for manipulating PDFs on the Source Mage desktop

ansi2knr recognizes functions by seeing a nonkeyword identifier at the left margin, followed by a left parenthesis, with a right parenthesis as the last character on the line. At Outsource2india, we have experienced and skilled software engineers who can proficiently build a software system by using open source software. Even …

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Understanding the fundamentals of gawk

Its vast package database and supportive community is another plus point. This means that if a system has two IDE controllers there will be entries for the IDE subsystem at indices at 3 and 22 in the blk_dev and blkdevs vectors. Most of the time you will be issuing commands …

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Running Gnome on Pinguy OS

Synchronous jobs started by bash have signals set to the values inherited by the shell from its parent. The use of pipes, on the other hand, turns Unix and Linux into software LEGO, which lets you build complex programs out of a simple set of building blocks. insmod copies the …

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