Unwrapping awk

Few other operating systems run on more than two different hardware platforms, making Linux the ideal choice for companies that use a variety of different or specialized hardwares. Software running on the CPU must be able to read and write those controlling registers. A non-zero exit status indicates failure. We …

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The best Video player for the command line

This means that they do not have the standard serial interface that PPPD will be expecting to see when you try to dial out to your Internet Service Provider. Thus, there is no term free mathematics. Linux is that power. These are kept in the pops vector along with the …

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Where to get more detail on kmod

Both the vfat and msdos modules have 1 dependent, which is a mounted file system. It only looks at modules marked as AUTOCLEAN and in the state RUNNING. Whenever we refer to a file or directory, we can, in fact, use either type of path (either way, the system will …

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Is LXDE the best windows manager for Linux?

The scalability and flexibility of Linux enable many of these massive deployments to actually work, while the significantly reduced cost barriers of Linux make them more financially feasible. In times of spiraling student debt, that's an understandable reaction. The overhead of symbolic links is minimal, but it is still considered …

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My emacs and imapd workflow

Secondly, the DMA controller cannot access the whole of physical memory. You can also edit boot options on the fly from the GRUB menu. An INET socket would have an IP port address bound to it. It sounds counterintuitive and/or just plain stupid on paper, but is generally seen …

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Getting your Terminal emulator up and running on Linux

If two signals are generated for a process at the same time then they may be presented to the process or handled in any order. DevOps has existed in the IT buzzword lexicon for several years now, offering a better delineation (and working relationship) between developer and IT operations professionals …

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Programming with Python on Aurora

Interfaces documented by standards, such as the standard C library, will obviously always remain source compatible. It is the responsibility of the developers to fix these bugs as reported. The smallest addressable unit on a block device is the sector. Developing the core is pretty serious business, involving pretty serious …

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Getting C++ and CentOS to play nicely

Members of this process group (processes whose process group ID is equal to the current terminal process group ID) receive keyboard-generated signals such as SIGINT. Often the quickest way to access KPPP to set up an Internet connection is to open a terminal window (i.e., a text-only window in …

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Getting acquainted with Mandriva Linux

The basics of Unix programming have existed untouched for decades. Reading and changing a data source: An exampleA Linux machine is going to generate a lot of data in its day-to-day activity. Major players in the commercial arena are taking serious notice of Linux. Thereafter all of the applications file …

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Fundamentals of libpipeline

Its instructions are simple load and store instructions (load a value from memory, perform an operation and store the result back into memory). If the default handling is needed, then Linux can optimize the handling of the signal. A mere year later, ext2 ate its lunch. Although the terms free …

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Unwrapping rshd

Where does the bash fit in? Background processes that attempt to read from (write to) the terminal are sent a SIGTTIN (SIGTTOU) signal by the terminal driver, which, unless caught, suspends the process. Advances in mathematics cannot be copyrighted or patented, and they become immediately available for everyone to use …

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What's your favourite CD burners

Many of the devices you own probably, such as Android phones, digital storage devices, personal video recorders, cameras, wearables, and more, also run Linux. There are many valid reasons why something might not be accepted, so don't take it personally if your code is rejected, and if possible, try to …

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The secret of lprintd

This subshell reinitializes itself, so that the effect is as if a new shell had been invoked to handle the script, with the exception that the locations of commands remembered by the parent are retained by the child. Linux can do everything NT does, usually faster, definately more stable and …

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How to evaluate error messages with showkey

Yet the human factor is probably one of the most significant in not only how smoothly the actual Linux conversion goes but also how well it is adopted and beneficial to your organization. 3D printing would've surely emerged even without Linux, but thanks to the widespread power of the platform …

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My emacs and metasend workflow

Typing the suspend character (typically ^Z, Control-Z) while a process is running causes that process to be stopped and returns you to bash. One more thing, if you don't want your programming Linux distro to be devoid of systemd, there's an OpenRC spin for that. We heartily recommend you get …

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The ultimate guide to rusersd

Linux does not. In this book, when I talk of gcc, I typically mean the program gcc, unless context suggests otherwise. When a user logs in, the login program checks the username and password, and then starts another program called the shell. As such it is possible to have two …

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Are you making these mistakes with isovfy

At kernel initialization time, the address families built into the kernel register themselves with the BSD socket interface. That's right, all these guys all around the world worked very hard to make a neat, secure, efficient, good-looking system, and they are giving their work away for everybody to use freely …

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Where to get more detail on git

In many ways, Linux and UNIX administration is today much easier than administration for popular commercial personal operating systems because it is much more transparent. But the Linux community is much more than the kernel, and needs contributions from lots of other people besides programmers. Loadlin works from a DOS …

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Open the gates for gpgsplit

Moreover, most programming languages (if they aren't limited to a particular OS) work on Linux. Because your server will be probably Linux-based as well, it will be easier for you to mimic behaviors, use similar software and packages and automate work flows for your deployment processes. You can easily see …

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Linux adventures with tar

As a result, most desktop and server Linux systems that run antivirus and anti-malware software today do so because they host files that may be shared with Win- dows computers. The command cd may be run without a location as we saw in the shortcut above but usually will be …

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Is Ruby on Rails the best programming language for Linux?

Consequently, it can be said that this book is a book on Linux programming in general. Almost certainly, but it's doubtful that it would maintain the presence that Android currently enjoys in today's consumer market. However, Unix is not free. This is used by gateways, which respond to ARP requests …

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The ultimate guide to ispell

Once the parent process has waited on its terminated child, the child is fully destroyed. That is, there are no legal restrictions on anyone using, studying, copying, modifying, improving or publishing any recipe. Each time a device driver runs, maybe as an interrupt is received or as a bottom half …

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Learn how I improved tcpd in two days

There is yet one other weakness: if a computer switches operating systems later, the long uptime is credited to the new OS. Imagine if you wanted to become a great writer but weren't allowed to read any books. In general, there is a tendency for advocates of the term term …

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How to set up the C++ environment on Ubuntu

What interesting system calls are provided in Linux compared to other Unix variants? One of the ideas behind Open Source software is that users can be co-developers, suggesting how to improve it and helping to find out bugs. Traditionally, Unix programs have been single-threaded, owing to Unix's historic simplicity, fast …

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Information about Google Analytics

Organic/SEO traffic: This report shows what your SEO traffic was for a time period. It's important to watch trends happening with this. Look as far back to the same time period as last year and see whether there are any seasonality trends or increases/decreases from year to year …

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Has nslookup gone past its sell by date?

The kernel calls the modules initialization routine and, if it is successful it carries on installing the module. The caricatures speak of wizard-like "graybeards" sitting behind glowing green screens, writing C code and shell scripts, powered by old-fashioned, drip-brewed coffee. The importance of Linux to enterprise IT was highlighted very …

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Background information on login

Behavior changes and features are added. So, the FAT module contains a reference to the VFAT module; the reference was added when the VFAT module was loaded. A way to prevent that is regular updates and only download software, themes and plugns form reliable sources. But, if we each have …

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Getting C++ and Red Hat Linux to play nicely

The number of bytes that the device driver requests is rounded up to the next block size boundary. One is AbiWord, a standalone word processor that is both comparable to and compatible with Microsoft Word. These tables include pointers to routines and information that support the interface with that class …

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Getting Enlightenment to work with a dual screen monitor

Until recently, most modems were 8 or 16 bit ISA cards. Free software is also very different from public domain software. There are times when controllers need to read or write large amounts of data directly to or from system memory. The device driver places bytes onto the queue, one …

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Getting C++ and Fuduntu to play nicely

The master disk on the primary controller is /dev/hda and the slave disk is /dev/hdb. It is being widely used in embedded devices such as mobile phones and PDAs (Personal Data Assistants). All the linux commands like grep, cat and ls can be pipelined easily. It sure isn't …

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Getting involved in your own distro

By applying the foundational principals behind two factors, even the most techno-phobic and proprietary software entrenched small sized companies can painlessly move to Linux on the Desktop. It looks at each member of the operations pending queue (sem_pending) in turn, testing to see if the semphore operations will succeed this …

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Boost your mastery of bzip2 with these tips

It interprets the commands the user types in and arranges for them to be carried out. The process of booting your Linux system can sometimes be easy and sometimes be difficult. Upgrading from one version to another is also painless. In addition to implementing the standard C library, glibc provides …

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Understanding the fundamentals of iproute2

An interrupt driven device driver is one where the hardware device being controlled will raise a hardware interrupt whenever it needs to be serviced. Thus they are also called built-in commands. Most of the Linux kernel is written in the C programming language, with a little bit of assembly and …

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Sysadmin and Devops using pathchk

But, as we all know, there are typically many directories on a system. In either case, the kernel simply resolves the pathname to the correct inode. The editing mode may be switched during interactive use by using the -o option to the set built-in command. Whereas sockets communicating over the …

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Generating use cases for Smalltalk

The IDE disks are controlled by the IDE controller chip and the SCSI disks by the SCSI disk controller chips and so on. Press the B key to boot the system using the new values. The source code for Linux is under copyright by its many individual authors, and licensed …

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Does it run under KDE on the Ubuntu distro?

Keep in mind that these are only conventions---not rules. It is time for the opening of the tools that will be needed to build this new age. Numerous such standards exist but, technically speaking, Linux does not officially comply with any of them. When using Linux, you often face configurations …

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Is Gnome Flashback the best windows manager for Linux?

The Linux system call uses the write routine pointed at by the file data structure describing this pipe. If you have a /etc/cron.allow file, this supersedes cron.deny (ie, cron.deny is ignored) and allows only those listed in it to use cron. The only rule is that …

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Is Algol the best programming language for Linux?

The character % introduces a job name. At kernel initialization time, the address families built into the kernel register themselves with the BSD socket interface. Both are very different from proprietary software (also commonly called commercial software), which is software that is controlled by a company or an individual. Source code …

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