A simple mistake with gdb could cause many problems

A lot of commands on the terminal will rely on you being in the right location. If you want to use Linux as a platform for a very advanced application or application set, you will be interested in aspects of the system such as kernel hacking, the differences between various …

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Graphical tools for manipulating PDFs on the Xandros desktop

In many ways, Linux is similar to other operating systems you may have used before, such as Windows, OS X, or iOS. One obvious part of Linux is the kernel itself; but even that would be useless without libraries or shells. That's particularly important in a period of significant technological …

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How screen can spruce up your system

Finally there is the main memory which relative to the external cache memory is very slow. Nothing, though, is for free and there is a slight performance and memory penalty associated with kernel modules. federal government. Yet throughout many school systems, the software in use on computers is closed and …

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Compiling your own kernel on MythDora

Users, however, refer to themselves and other users through usernames, not numerical values. Most of the Linux kernel is written in the C programming language, with a little bit of assembly and other languages sprinkled in. t first, the Linux command line may seem daunting, complex and scary. Only systems …

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Understanding the instance name game

Linux also optimizes the case where several signal handling routines need to be called by stacking them so that each time one handling routine exits, the next one is called until the tidy up routine is called. Behavior changes and features are added. In all cases, bash ignores SIGQUIT. When …

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Which distro do you prefer to use KDE Plasma on?

One module requiring services or resources from another module is very similar to the situation where a module requires services and resources from the kernel itself. This means that subsequent INET socket calls can easily retrieve the sock data structure. You also need a decent understanding of the Linux-based kernel …

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What defines a top-tier, open source music player for the SuSE desktop?

Advances in mathematics cannot be copyrighted or patented, and they become immediately available for everyone to use for the advancement of civilization. Software covered under the GNU GPL, described in the previous section, fits into the category of open source. On invocation, the shell scans its own environment and creates …

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How to automate tasks on a Linux system

Linux is a monolithic kernel; that is, it is one, single, large program where all the functional components of the kernel have access to all of its internal data structures and routines. By opening the code to widespread examination, more people take part in finding its bugs and security flaws …

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Learn lpq to further your career

The terminal in Linux is a wild card. The API merely defines the interface; the piece of software that actually provides the API is known as the implementation of the API. Unix systems historically did not include many higher-level abstractions. Every transmitted ethernet frame can be seen by all connected …

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Interesting apps based on tailf

It sounds counterintuitive and/or just plain stupid on paper, but is generally seen as the traditional and conservative way to do it. Each approach has its advantages and disadvantages. The source code for proprietary software is usually not made publicly available, or, if it is, there are generally severe …

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Learn how I improved whereis in two days

Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson started work on Unix in 1969, meaning that Unix will celebrate its 50th anniversary this year. A common sector size is 512 bytes and the sector size was set when the disk was formatted, usually when the disk is manufactured. In Linux, blocks are generally …

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Data collection under Ubuntu

bash allows the current readline key bindings to be displayed or modified with the bind built-in command. Libraries were written and ported, filesystems developed, and hardware drivers written for many popular devices. Other common sections in ELF executables are the absolute section (which contains nonrelocatable symbols) and the undefined section …

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Open the gates for fgrep

Its entries are also device_struct data structures. Over the years, Unix systems have supported a handful of different special files. This must happen as the module cannot expect to be loaded at the same address twice let alone into the same address in two different Linux systems. Most open source …

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The secret of exit

For example, we can have a container which is a database program. The instructions executed by the processor are very simple; for example ``read the contents of memory at location X into register Y'. After being compiled into machine language, all programs look the same to the computer operating system …

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Creating a PACKAGES.TXT file for your distro

Open source licenses can grant you the right to copy and redistribute the software to everyone you want. These negative connotations include lack of quality, of robustness, of support and of long-term commitment. They come in multiple varieties, including the Unix domain socket, which is the form of socket used …

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No more mistakes with sudo

In addition, gcc and g++_ implement extensions to the C and C++ languages. From the process's perspective, the view of the system is as though it alone were in control. Each VFS inode has associated with it a set of file operations and these are different depending on the …

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How easy is it to run ntpd on a Rasberry Pi?

Everything a good programmer can wish for is available: compilers, libraries, development and debugging tools. I use Linux for everything. Almost certainly, but it's doubtful that it would maintain the presence that Android currently enjoys in today's consumer market. Usually, as bytes in the file are read from or written …

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How much do you know about the Linux mmv command?

Although initially intimidating for many inexperienced users, using an all-text mode, also referred to as a command line interface (CLI) or a shell, can provide valuable experience for those who want to become truly proficient at Linux. They regard technical excellence as the primary goal, and sharing of the source …

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Graphical tools for manipulating PDFs on the Source Mage desktop

ansi2knr recognizes functions by seeing a nonkeyword identifier at the left margin, followed by a left parenthesis, with a right parenthesis as the last character on the line. At Outsource2india, we have experienced and skilled software engineers who can proficiently build a software system by using open source software. Even …

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Go and Linux - a marriage made in heaven?

Missing a character, or reading them in any other order, would make little sense. For the most part, the Linux community communicates via various mailing lists and USENET newsgroups. Some tasks will be just as easy in either environment. There is also a level of indirection introduced that makes accesses …

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Instance names should not be specified when using ssh-add

Some tasks are best suited to a GUI, word processing and video editing are great examples. You can easily configure and access any corner in your computer, monitor processes and manage virtual environments for different projects. First is the Human Factor, which includes the psychological issues with change, any kind …

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Is experience with mpg123 an employable skill?

However, not all Linux installations use GNU components as a part of their operating system. In that case, the new bytes (which are added to the end of the file) are filled with zeros. Although the source code must be made freely available in all cases, there is no requirement …

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How to install init on Suse

The kernel seamlessly and transparently preempts and reschedules processes, sharing the system's processors among all running processes. The major identifier for the primary IDE controller is 3 and is 22 for the secondary IDE controller. Usually, as bytes in the file are read from or written to, byte-by-byte, the file …

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Open the gates for setkeycodes

If they will then it removes the sem_queue data structure from the operations pending list and applies the semaphore operations to the semaphore array. If, however, that company transitions to Linux, the staff would require little retraining, and little of the custom software would need to be rewritten and retested …

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Acceptable parameters when the library linker matters

The alternative is to have a micro-kernel structure where the functional pieces of the kernel are broken out into separate units with strict communication mechanisms between them. If one process crashes it will not cause another process in the system to crash. Unquoted text is assumed to be a function …

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Using the ssh-keyscan tool on Kali

Also, most OSS does not retire after a short period of time because collaborative open source development results in constant software improvement geared to the needs of the users. This software universe had been going on behind my back for years. Files may reside in any of these directories. There …

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How to install manpath on Suse

For example when user data is being written to the hard disk. ARP is not just restricted to ethernet devices, it can resolve IP addresses for other physical media, for example FDDI. One more thing, if you don't want your programming Linux distro to be devoid of systemd, there's an …

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Understanding the fundamentals of xfsdump

The code is supplied on CDROMs or other media with the executable program and/or it is made available for downloading from the Internet. For example, software that can be freely modified but that does not have the same strict requirements for redistribution as the GPL is also considered open …

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At the command line with lsof

The most common meaning for the term free software is programs whose source code is freely available to anyone to use for any purpose, including studying, copying, modifying, extending and giving away. This is an example of the meritocracy of Linux and open source being pulled into the mainstream, where …

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Get the most out of Slackware

Written originally for the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) family of PDP microcomputers, this most popular of multi-user, general-purpose operating systems has taken over roles in all areas of computing -- even those once held by mainframes. Although, there's no rocket science in it. Because of the rarity of malware threats, there …

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Can you install Yellow Dog Linux on the Rasberry Pi?

The numbers are different for an Alpha AXP Linux box. I am a composer, and one of the biggest hurdles for me in switching to exclusively Free Software was my sheet music typesetting software. The IDE subsystem registers IDE controllers and not disks with the Linux kernel. A common sector …

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Linux adventures with ypset

However, they seem to be forgetting that, while some action we make won't directly influence everybody, every action we make affects somebody. It is vital that we keep a philosophical approach so that our beliefs stand behind our actions. This instruction causes a switch into kernel space, the protected realm …

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Work in progress asynchronous email client

One obvious part of Linux is the kernel itself; but even that would be useless without libraries or shells. A lot of commands on the terminal will rely on you being in the right location. Another great quality of this dependable Linux distro for developers is its software delivery method …

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How to get more from logout

If you desire to use Linux as an Internet Web server, you can simply recompile the Linux kernel to include only the support needed to be an Internet Web server. There is also a view that, regardless of the extent to which each of these approaches proves to be best …

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What's the purpose of the SPEAKUP_DOCS.TXT file?

In 1989 Stallman invented the concept of copyleft, which is aimed specifically at preventing any recurrence of the type of takeover of free software that had occurred earlier in that decade. You can also edit boot options on the fly from the GRUB menu. Time enough for a soapbox. Those …

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Open the gates for atd

As they are part of the Linux kernel they cannot use virtual memory. With every new iteration, Raspberry Pi mini-computer is getting more powerful. By opening the code to widespread examination, more people take part in finding its bugs and security flaws, in testing for broad compatibility across platforms, and …

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Is Cinnamon the best windows manager for Linux?

You can do almost anything with it, including software installation, application and server configurations, file system management and much more. Think about other software you use everyday that is proprietary and apply the fact that you can't be sure what it is actually doing! Networking the critical aspects of a …

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What's the purpose of the GPG-KEY file?

To make sure that even in a dual boot scenario office staff do not cling to their past desktop but acclimate quickly to the new desktop simply requires a "conversion plan." All of the employees know they will have a dual boot system that is fully functional for the first …

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At the command line with sparse

The first data written into the pipe is the first data read from the pipe. Like the rest of the kernel, device drivers use data structures to keep track of the device that it is controlling. These controllers are connected to the CPU and to each other by a variety …

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