How to evaluate error messages with less

Too many different ways of getting to pretty much the same point means too many variables to get wrong. These negative connotations include lack of quality, of robustness, of support and of long-term commitment. How secure is it? Thereafter all of the applications file operations will be mapped to calls …

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How much do you know about the Linux slabtop command?

If you know how to setup your Arch Linux system, you don't need Manjaro Linux. If you operate within a Windows ecosystem and want to play around with Linux, just download VirtualBox and install a Linux distribution. A CPU is a small but powerful semiconductor device that can be considered …

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Let your Floppix terminal speak its mind

That's right, all these guys all around the world worked very hard to make a neat, secure, efficient, good-looking system, and they are giving their work away for everybody to use freely (if you wonder why these guys do such things, drop me an email and I'll try to explain …

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Succeed with sha1sum on Linux

If you need special compilation options on your executable files, you can give Gentoo a try as it does everything from source. To do this the IDE subsystem uses the minor device number from the device special identifier, this contains information that allows it to direct the request to the …

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Never mess with mtr and here's the reason why

It is vital that we keep a philosophical approach so that our beliefs stand behind our actions. Thousands of high-tech companies rely on embedded operating system technol- ogy to drive their systems. It's Linux, not a proprietary operating system, that provides this vast scalability while also offering the underlying capabilities …

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Getting Enlightenment to work with a dual screen monitor

In fact, some people say that it is now actually easier to install Linux than to install Microsoft Windows. Open source is a term that applies to software for which the source code-the inner workings of the program-is freely available for anyone to download, modify, and redistribute. So, what is …

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Programming with Python on Kuki Linux

MuseScore did everything I wanted and more. A file's length can be changed via an operation called truncation. That is, there are no legal restrictions on anyone using, studying, copying, modifying, improving or publishing any recipe. With the open model that Linux thrives under, many programmers, college students and others …

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Background information on atrm

The init process routinely waits on all of its children, ensuring that reparented processes do not remain zombies forever. A runnable process is one which is waiting only for a CPU to run on. Once connection has been made, any of the (usually) several browsers available can be used to …

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Unwrapping awk

Few other operating systems run on more than two different hardware platforms, making Linux the ideal choice for companies that use a variety of different or specialized hardwares. Software running on the CPU must be able to read and write those controlling registers. A non-zero exit status indicates failure. We …

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The best Video player for the command line

This means that they do not have the standard serial interface that PPPD will be expecting to see when you try to dial out to your Internet Service Provider. Thus, there is no term free mathematics. Linux is that power. These are kept in the pops vector along with the …

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The secret of ypserv

By opening the code to widespread examination, more people take part in finding its bugs and security flaws, in testing for broad compatibility across platforms, and in providing new ideas. Perhaps the most confusing thing about installing Linux for new users is the large number of options that are available …

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Getting acquainted with Linpus Linux

This meaning of free software is basically the same as the most common meaning of the term open source software. A complicated system of statistical analysis is employed to ensure that a certain percentage of bugs are fixed before the next release, and that the operating system as a whole …

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Can you recommend an X display manager for the Raspberry Pi?

The analogy is also frequently made with recipes for cooking food. These applications are not going away anytime soon. It doesn't take long to realize that this isn't how open source software works. Kernel modules, like the kernel itself, are usually written in C.

No more mistakes with watch

The …

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Has gawk gone past its sell by date?

A block device, in contrast, is accessed as an array of bytes. This hides the underlying differences from the generic system calls which read and write to ordinary files. Filesystems may be individually added to and removed from the global namespace of files and directories. In a very real sense …

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Its all about rup

The thrust behind Linux development is not an effort to release perfect, bug-free code: it is to develop a free implementation of UNIX. Browsing the available tools will make you feel, as Homer Simpson put it, like a kid in some kind of store. Although there are numerous distributions available …

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Principles of LTTng-Tools under Linux

Once a system call is implemented in a stable version of the Linux kernel, it is set in stone. The use of such closed software in education may be justified only where no suitable open source solution exists. The timer bottom half handler processes both types of system timer. The …

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Configuring httpd in easy steps

Installation can take a while, depending on the speed of the computer and the options selected. If you told software developers a decade ago that the Windows operating system would "run Linux" in 2016, most of them would have laughed hysterically. (There are a few instance where a particular option …

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Programming with Python on Aurora

Interfaces documented by standards, such as the standard C library, will obviously always remain source compatible. It is the responsibility of the developers to fix these bugs as reported. The smallest addressable unit on a block device is the sector. Developing the core is pretty serious business, involving pretty serious …

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Getting C++ and CentOS to play nicely

Members of this process group (processes whose process group ID is equal to the current terminal process group ID) receive keyboard-generated signals such as SIGINT. Often the quickest way to access KPPP to set up an Internet connection is to open a terminal window (i.e., a text-only window in …

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Fundamentals of libpipeline

Its instructions are simple load and store instructions (load a value from memory, perform an operation and store the result back into memory). If the default handling is needed, then Linux can optimize the handling of the signal. A mere year later, ext2 ate its lunch. Although the terms free …

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Learn file to further your career

However, diving in without an understanding of those projects, their communities, and how they operate can lead to frustrations for those companies as well as the open source communities. Connecting to the Internet with Linux is fairly simple. Secondly, the DMA controller cannot access the whole of physical memory. None …

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What's your favourite CD burners

Many of the devices you own probably, such as Android phones, digital storage devices, personal video recorders, cameras, wearables, and more, also run Linux. There are many valid reasons why something might not be accepted, so don't take it personally if your code is rejected, and if possible, try to …

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Sysadmin and Devops using script

This is also true for a number of major system tasks where the hardware and software must cooperate closely to achieve their aims. Moreover, most programming languages (if they aren't limited to a particular OS) work on Linux. New processes are created via the fork() system call. Each approach has …

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My emacs and metasend workflow

Typing the suspend character (typically ^Z, Control-Z) while a process is running causes that process to be stopped and returns you to bash. One more thing, if you don't want your programming Linux distro to be devoid of systemd, there's an OpenRC spin for that. We heartily recommend you get …

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The ultimate guide to rusersd

Linux does not. In this book, when I talk of gcc, I typically mean the program gcc, unless context suggests otherwise. When a user logs in, the login program checks the username and password, and then starts another program called the shell. As such it is possible to have two …

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Are you making these mistakes with isovfy

At kernel initialization time, the address families built into the kernel register themselves with the BSD socket interface. That's right, all these guys all around the world worked very hard to make a neat, secure, efficient, good-looking system, and they are giving their work away for everybody to use freely …

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Quick and easy fixes using if

From the process's perspective, the view of the system is as though it alone were in control. Most systems built now use PCI and ISA buses to connect together the main system components. That's particularly important in a period of significant technological change. Thanks to Linux and the broader world …

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Get rid of etags once and for all

Its purpose is to provide a financial incentive for producing such works in order to benefit society as a whole. To understand what OSS is, you must first understand how source code is used to create programs. This subshell reinitializes itself, so that the effect is as if a new …

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How to manage storage on Linux with LVM

The stuff which really needs to be automated is automated and the stuff which can teach you something is left manual. Not often are our basic rights thought of in the context of technology, but as more and more our lives are dependent on technology, it is a rapidly growing …

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Linux adventures with tar

As a result, most desktop and server Linux systems that run antivirus and anti-malware software today do so because they host files that may be shared with Win- dows computers. The command cd may be run without a location as we saw in the shortcut above but usually will be …

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Does it run under KDE on the Cub Linux distro?

Linux is made up of a number of functionally separate pieces that, together, comprise the operating system. What is the system-level interface, and how do I write system-level applications in Linux? Windows implementation is very high-level. Remember that the shell is a program providing you with an interface to the …

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Is Ruby on Rails the best programming language for Linux?

Consequently, it can be said that this book is a book on Linux programming in general. Almost certainly, but it's doubtful that it would maintain the presence that Android currently enjoys in today's consumer market. However, Unix is not free. This is used by gateways, which respond to ARP requests …

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The ultimate guide to ispell

Once the parent process has waited on its terminated child, the child is fully destroyed. That is, there are no legal restrictions on anyone using, studying, copying, modifying, improving or publishing any recipe. Each time a device driver runs, maybe as an interrupt is received or as a bottom half …

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How to set up the C++ environment on Ubuntu

What interesting system calls are provided in Linux compared to other Unix variants? One of the ideas behind Open Source software is that users can be co-developers, suggesting how to improve it and helping to find out bugs. Traditionally, Unix programs have been single-threaded, owing to Unix's historic simplicity, fast …

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Using screen on Kali Linux

A process that has terminated, but has not yet been waited upon, is called a zombie. The data bus holds the data transfered. The instructions have to be fetched from memory as they are executed. There is no single organization responsible for developing the system.

Is ntpd better on FreeBSD …

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Running sendmail inside a docker image

When the request is made, it is up to the IDE subsystem to work out which IDE disk the request is for. The ARPANET pioneered networking concepts such as packet switching and protocol layering where one protocol uses the services of another. They can be unlinked from the kernel and …

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Has nslookup gone past its sell by date?

It avoids nasty surprises, spyware, result rigging and all kinds of issues that we can't be absolutely sure to avoid in closed software. The kernel directly uses this mapping to perform name-to-inode resolutions. Linux adheres to the GNU General Public License (GPL), which was developed by the Free Software Foundation …

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Can you pass the chfn test?

You might be amazed that such a nonstructured system of volunteers, programming and debugging a complete UNIX system, could get anything done at all. The first way is to use the insmod command to manually insert the it into the kernel. There is also a devout following of Linux. It's …

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