Developing with AppleScript in a Linux container

awk is actually a programming language designed particularly for text manipulation, but it is widely used as an on-the-spot tool for administration. Notably, Linux is the fastest growing operating system released to date. Linux is a multiprocessing operating system, its objective is to have a process running on each CPU …

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Understanding the fundamentals of CUPS

The smallest addressable unit on a block device is the sector. With the connection established both ends are free to send and receive data. When it is started up, usually at system boot time, it opens up an Inter-Process Communication (IPC) channel to the kernel. At kernel initialization time, the …

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Get rid of declare once and for all

The default action for the SIGFPE signal will core dump the process and then cause it to exit. Any of the bytes within a file may be read from or written to. Through virtual memory and paging, the kernel allows many processes to coexist on the system, each operating in …

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The importance of psmisc on the Rasberry Pi

Processes are generally associated with a user's login group, not any of the supplemental groups. Sometimes the DMA channel for a device can be set by jumpers; a number of ethernet devices use this technique. In user space, Linux implements threads in accordance with POSIX 1003.1c (known as Pthreads …

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Is experience with mpg123 an employable skill?

However, not all Linux installations use GNU components as a part of their operating system. In that case, the new bytes (which are added to the end of the file) are filled with zeros. Although the source code must be made freely available in all cases, there is no requirement …

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Getting up and running with Lumina

The read/write heads are moved across the surface of the platters by an actuator. The Linux kernel, supporting both preemptive multitasking and virtual memory, provides every process both a virtualized processor and a virtualized view of memory. Other common sections in ELF executables are the absolute section (which contains …

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Getting started with syslogd on Arch Linux

Unlike Windows, Linux requires each user to have an account. Linux keeps looking through the pending list from the start until there is a pass where no semaphore operations can be applied and so no more processes can be woken. Effectively, they define system programming, or at least a common …

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How easy is it to learn the xfsprogs utility?

Its own Software Center has tons of free applications that make it a great Linux OS for programming. Another good example is the PCI bus which allows each device (for example a graphics card) to be accessed independently. Apart from the ability of a loaded module to crash the operating …

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Troubleshooting hardware problems in Gnoppix

Automation is also a game-changer using the terminal. Open source has become the de facto way to build software - not only in tech, but across diverse industries. In 1991, this final gap was filled by Linux, a kernel which was written independently of the GNU project by Linus Torvalds, then …

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How to install init on Suse

The kernel seamlessly and transparently preempts and reschedules processes, sharing the system's processors among all running processes. The major identifier for the primary IDE controller is 3 and is 22 for the secondary IDE controller. Usually, as bytes in the file are read from or written to, byte-by-byte, the file …

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Does it run under KDE on the Linux Lite distro?

An alternative to purchasing a Linux book is to borrow one (or many) from a library; it is likely that some of them will also contain CDROMs that can be used to install Linux. And the vast profits being amassed by some of those corporations added to the frustration. Instead …

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Generating use cases for Smalltalk

The IDE disks are controlled by the IDE controller chip and the SCSI disks by the SCSI disk controller chips and so on. Press the B key to boot the system using the new values. The source code for Linux is under copyright by its many individual authors, and licensed …

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Open the gates for setkeycodes

If they will then it removes the sem_queue data structure from the operations pending list and applies the semaphore operations to the semaphore array. If, however, that company transitions to Linux, the staff would require little retraining, and little of the custom software would need to be rewritten and retested …

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Installing PCRE

Processes are separate tasks each with their own rights and responsibilities. By using open source software, you can benefit from integrated management. In this case, Direct Memory Access (DMA) controllers are used to allow hardware peripherals to directly access system memory but this access is under strict control and supervision …

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Getting started with the Linux modinfo command

What interesting system calls are provided in Linux compared to other Unix variants? Yet, it was relatively little used for computer software prior to the development of UNIX, and even today its great benefits fail to be fully exploited by other operating systems, most notably the Microsoft Windows systems. A …

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Using more to view text files at the BeatrIX command line

Processes are free to use a FIFO so long as they have appropriate access rights to it. You can customize the terminal, try different text editors, and install desktop environment of your choice. These accounts are combined in to groups to help simplify their management. Every process runs as a …

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Does it run under KDE on the Ubuntu distro?

Keep in mind that these are only conventions---not rules. It is time for the opening of the tools that will be needed to build this new age. Numerous such standards exist but, technically speaking, Linux does not officially comply with any of them. When using Linux, you often face configurations …

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Scripts vs Compiled Programs

When writing programs to automate – well, everything – always use shell scripts. Because shell scripts are stored in ASCII text format, they can be easily viewed and modified by humans just as easily as they can by computers. You can examine a shell program and see exactly what it does and …

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Using the Linux Command Line

Working with the Linux operating system requires you to have knowledge about the terminal and the command line. It is essential to know what these things are, to be at least slightly familiar with their usage and the standard commands available. What is a Terminal? A terminal is described as …

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How to set up the C environment on Ubuntu

From the inode number, the inode is found. To be safe, always put alias definitions on a separate line, and do not use alias in compound commands.and comments, except that the function name must be the first thing on the line. These extensions are collectively called GNU C, and …

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Installing a web server under Network Security Toolkit

This bleeding edge distro's repository is always up-to-date. Each class of device driver, character, block and network, provides common interfaces that the kernel uses when requesting services from them. Extended partitions are not real partitions at all, they contain any number of logical parititions. (There are a few instance where …

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Sysadmin and Devops using mkdosfs

The default action for the SIGFPE signal will core dump the process and then cause it to exit. Each IDE controller can support up to two disks, one the master disk and the other the slave disk. People will stand up and take notice and realize that Linux is not …

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Getting the best out of tr when using Ubuntu

When a command terminates on a fatal signal, bash uses the value of 128+signal as the exit status. Institutions that rely solely on commercial-proprietary vendors - whether on-premises or cloud-based - effectively outsource their IT strategy and reduce their capability to deal with change with agility. Specific filesystems, however, may impose …

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Is Gnome Flashback the best windows manager for Linux?

The Linux system call uses the write routine pointed at by the file data structure describing this pipe. If you have a /etc/cron.allow file, this supersedes cron.deny (ie, cron.deny is ignored) and allows only those listed in it to use cron. The only rule is that …

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Can you pass the repquota test?

If you've always wanted to learn programming, whether you want to develop software professionally or just for fun, there's no better platform to cut your teeth on. Linux names IDE disks in the order in which it finds their controllers. Even if you plan to move on to more advanced …

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Scan the results of parameter expansion

The new vm_area_struct structure is put into the list of vm_area_struct pointed at by the shmid_ds. Some such devices are partionable, which means that they can be divided up into multiple filesystems, all of which can be manipulated individually. Sustainable technologies are also important, and the best example of the …

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Is experience with mpg123 an employable skill?

That is, there are no legal restrictions on anyone using, studying, copying, modifying, improving or publishing any recipe. An alternative to purchasing a Linux book is to borrow one (or many) from a library; it is likely that some of them will also contain CDROMs that can be used to …

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Developing with slabtop

Finally, if you are contributing to an existing kernel module, you will need to learn about their procedures and development cycle. In Linux, the standard C compiler is provided by the GNU Compiler Collection (gcc). It would not matter to me which distro was being advocated as long as the …

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Download via Bittorrent

It would not be enough to stop here, though. The world economy will not collapse if creators of software choose to share their work with the world. It may not be the best choice for word processing (or maybe it is -- read on), but many see it as an "ISP …

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Troubleshooting hardware problems in Gnoppix

Over the years, Unix systems have supported a handful of different special files. Like so many others I have always thought that one of the greatest attributes of Linux is its diversity of choice, but there are those outside of the Linux world that see this as a negative. Quite …

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Let your Devil-Linux terminal speak its mind

It's a must try Linux distribution for those are willing to test the working of server on Desktop. But all things come to an end eventually. Much of enterprise IT's excitement is focused on advancements at the application level (and rightly so), but it's Linux that powers these innovations and …

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Principles of LTTng-Tools under Linux

However, such programs are typically also made available for free (usually as a free download from the Internet). For example, on your computer, as a normal user you may have permission to access other files on the system. This waiting happens within the system call, in system mode; the process …

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Minimize speed when using your first character limit

Where Linux has shown a significant advantage over proprietary Unix is in its availability across a vast number of hardware platforms and devices. Another type of open source license is the artistic license, which ensures that the source code of the program is freely available yet allows the original author …

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Getting a mail server up and running on Xubuntu

In addition to steadfast stalwarts like Fortran and C/C++, many scripting and other computer languages are at home on (or were even designed to work best with) Linux. The Linux kernel must be able to interact with them in standard ways. It is the scheduler that must select the …

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Getting acquainted with Miracle Linux

The module data structure is marked as DELETED and it is unlinked from the list of kernel modules. Most licenses of the proprietary software systems are expensive and should be renewed every year. These range from simple memory protection schemes to complex page hierarchies. You don't need to spend tons …

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Getting the best out of atq when using Ubuntu

Therefore Linux adds a call to a tidy up routine which will restore the original blocked mask onto the call stack of the signalled process. If your computer came with a copy of Windows, then you paid for it, even if the store didn't tell you about that. This credit-card …

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Is Algol the best programming language for Linux?

The character % introduces a job name. At kernel initialization time, the address families built into the kernel register themselves with the BSD socket interface. Both are very different from proprietary software (also commonly called commercial software), which is software that is controlled by a company or an individual. Source code …

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No more mistakes with dnssec-keygen

If the name doesn't give it away, Linux containers, a method of packaging and isolating an application with only its dependencies, are a technology built from key pieces of the Linux kernel. Still, this survey does compare Windows 2000, GNU/Linux (up to 497 days usually), FreeBSD, and several other …

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