What's the purpose of the SPEAKUP_DOCS.TXT file?

In 1989 Stallman invented the concept of copyleft, which is aimed specifically at preventing any recurrence of the type of takeover of free software that had occurred earlier in that decade. You can also edit boot options on the fly from the GRUB menu. Time enough for a soapbox. Those …

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Redirecting standard output on the Amigo Linux operating system

Libraries were written and ported, filesystems developed, and hardware drivers written for many popular devices. An exit status of zero indicates success. Tied closely to IoT is the drone trend, that of remotely controlled flying robots. A character device is accessed as a linear queue of bytes.

Shortcuts for nameif …

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Never mess with mtr and here's the reason why

(See "Shell Built-in Commands.") Readline has variables that can be used to further customize its behavior. This led to the development of the free software movement by Richard Stallman. If a parent process terminates before its child, the kernel will reparent the child to the init process. The price for …

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The user interface and job control

The second, newer, mechanism uses a linked list of timer_list data structures held in ascending expiry time order. In most cases, good results can be obtained by just using the default options. Every distribution contains hundreds or thousands of programs that can be distributed along with it, and each of …

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Get rid of chdir once and for all

A symlink has its own inode and data chunk, which contains the complete pathname of the linked-to file. Only the truly dedicated -- those who have no personal lives, or those who are being paid to do this kind of work -- are going to want to explore these intricacies. There are …

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Getting the best out of tr when using Ubuntu

When the writer wants to write to the pipe it uses the standard write library functions. Yet throughout many school systems, the software in use on computers is closed and locked, making educators partners in the censorship of the foundational information of this new age. While an AWS-like service isn't …

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Quick and easy fixes using mount

The most interesting case recently was when Sony purposely added spyware [4] to their music CDs that silently and automatically installed itself onto Microsoft Windows systems to search for piracy breaches. Only the truly dedicated -- those who have no personal lives, or those who are being paid to do this …

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Create your own video streaming server with DamnSmallLinux

Aliases are expanded when a command is read, not when it is executed. Commands run as a result of command substitu- tion ignore the keyboard-generated job control signals SIGTTIN, SIGTTOU, and SIGTSTP. People who are completely new to open source software often wonder how a group of random people can …

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Is Cinnamon the best windows manager for Linux?

With respect to language standards, Linux fares well. Note that Windows NT systems cannot be included in this survey (because their uptimes couldn't be counted). 99 in Windows). The minor device numbers are used to distinguish between different devices and their controllers, for example each partition on the primary IDE …

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Troubleshooting hardware problems in SuSE

The other is part of OpenOffice, a full-fledged office productivity suite that is comparable to and compatible with Microsoft Office. Oracle Corporation, another heavyweight in the DBMS industry, recently announced it would be creating a Linux compatible Oracle. Likewise, some minimal restrictions are necessary for free software, namely the GPL …

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Adventures with column and Arch

Some applications are written exclusively to higher-level abstractions. This means that you cannot DMA directly into the virtual address space of a process. Whenever you refer to a file or directory on the command line you are actually referring to a path and your path can be constructed using any …

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Shortcuts for nameif made easy

That is, they do not require that the source code be included with redistributions of modified versions of programs that use such licenses. Also, the lack of a common kernel within Unix distributions has implications for software and hardware vendors. Software is not some mystic magic which must be locked …

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Are you making these mistakes with cupsd

Most of the malware are propagated through the Internet. You might also wonder whether ext4 is still in active development at all, given the flurries of news coverage of alternate filesystems such as btrfs, xfs, and zfs. It is sad to see that people today actually have to use the …

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Is Sugar the best windows manager for Linux?

The GPL subsequently became by far the most widely used license for free software. Currently, in Distrowatch's past 6 months ranking, it sits at #3. Linux is a topic which is equally suitable for study in the classroom (such as at a university or a specialized computer school) or at …

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Job control under DragOnLinux

Specific filesystems, however, may impose their own restrictions, imposing a smaller ceiling on the maximum length. It is not possible to directly link user-space applications with kernel space. In many ways, Linux and UNIX administration is today much easier than administration for popular commercial personal operating systems because it is …

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At the Linux terminal with systemtap

The text section contains executable code and read-only data, such as constant variables, and is typically marked read-only and executable. At the same time, many executives have a crude interpretation of its value to corporations?"It's free, and therefore it's cheap." Slowly, that mentality is changing, but it's still true …

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The secret of m4

In general, there is a tendency for advocates of the term term free software to emphasize the ideological aspects of software, including the ethical or moral aspects, and they view technical excellence as both a desirable and an unavoidable by-product of their ethical standards. The shell learns immediately whenever a …

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Redirecting output with G2Linx

Yes, the house is ruining the sacred area, but nobody informed the homeowner in question about this problem before the purchase, so the shame should be placed elsewhere. This is also in sharp contrast to Microsoft Windows, for which modification of the software is generally not permitted. Mounting other filesystems …

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How much do you know about the Linux if command?

That is, there are no legal restrictions on anyone using, studying, copying, modifying, improving or publishing any recipe. Luckily, basic maintenance and basic security are pretty easy. One of the best parts about Gentoo, which is also a curse for some people, is its ability to configure what compilation flags …

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Running Gnome on Pinguy OS

Linux protects against this by maintaining lists of adjustments to the semaphore arrays. There are three types of partition supported by fdisk, primary, extended and logical. The first filesystem mounted is located in the root of the namespace, /, and is called the root filesystem. It doesn't take long to realize …

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Getting your Office suite up and running on Linux

Different distributions have chosen varying approaches to file placement, software management, and other subtleties, in such a way that makes it almost impossible to make an applications distribution that will install and run cleanly across the Linux spectrum. For people wanting to become more than just casual users, it can …

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Who wants to know the mystery behind import

The new vm_area_struct structure is put into the list of vm_area_struct pointed at by the shmid_ds. Internally, the quality assurance department runs rigorous regression test suites on each new pass of the operating system, and reports any bugs. It then restores the state of the new process (again this is …

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How biff can help power your webapp

The API merely defines the interface; the piece of software that actually provides the API is known as the implementation of the API. Finally, when the connection is no longer needed it can be shutdown. Once connection has been made, any of the (usually) several browsers available can be used …

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Linux is Case Sensitive

The U-Boot bootloader program can boot from any type of disk, and load any type of boot image. Linux can do everything NT does, usually faster, definately more stable and at a fraction of the cost. Both have similar tools for interfacing with the systems, programming tools, filesystem layouts, and …

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Succeed with bzdiff on Linux

Most recently, the U.S. Whereas it had previously been the norm to assist colleagues and freely share ideas and software, such cooperation suddenly became forbidden and was made a crime. But this book, like most texts on system programming, is unconcerned with kernel development. Linux is a popular platform …

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Virtual filesystems in VectorLinux - how do they work?

Block devices are accessed via the buffer cache and may be randomly accessed, that is to say, any block can be read or written no matter where it is on the device. Among the easiest to try at first are the text editors, word processors, image viewers, calculators and games …

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Let your Slackware terminal speak its mind

This means that if a system has two IDE controllers there will be entries for the IDE subsystem at indices at 3 and 22 in the blk_dev and blkdevs vectors. When someone detects a bug it reports it to the community and they release a patch as soon as possible …

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What is the subhierarchy of an application

Keep in mind that these are only conventions---not rules. You can easily see the exported kernel symbols and their values by looking at /proc/ksyms or by using the ksyms utility. Traditionally, Unix programs have been single-threaded, owing to Unix's historic simplicity, fast process creation times, and robust IPC mechanisms …

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Developing with COBOL in a Linux container

If you've been developing on Windows for a couple of years, you've likely experienced a catastrophic failure at some point, or had to move all your dev tools to a new version of Windows. The first IDE controller in the system is known as the primary IDE controller, the next …

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Automating builds using PHP on Arch Linux

After moving the Linux I've noticed a dramatic improvement in the speed and performance of my work flow, with the exact same tools I used on Windows. What does this mean to you? Each individual semaphore operation may request that an adjustment be maintained. The Free Software Movement would be …

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Job control under Freespire

For some small business leaders I've consulted, the human factor is either a notion to be rejected or ignored. For most users, LILO works best. Kerneld is just an agent of the kernel, scheduling work on its behalf. Not often are our basic rights thought of in the context of …

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Unwrapping dnssec-signkey

It has BlueJ, Geany, Greenfoot, Mathematica, Python, Node-RED, Scratch, and other tools for making your learning process more effective. The address bus specifies the memory locations (addresses) for the data transfers. The target host that owns the IP address, responds with an ARP reply that contains its physical hardware address …

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At the Linux terminal with less

Its latest releases often inspire the other Linux distributions to adopt new features and make changes. By then, much of the GNU operating system had been completed, with the notable exception of a kernel (i.e., the core of the operating system). The entire Linux kernel was written from scratch …

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Unwrapping scanimage

Without this surrounding commitment, IT decision-makers can be left in the dark...and that's not a good place to be in 2019. Device drivers have to be careful when using memory. The character % introduces a job name. Writing a byte to a file position beyond the end of the file …

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Open the gates for atd

As they are part of the Linux kernel they cannot use virtual memory. With every new iteration, Raspberry Pi mini-computer is getting more powerful. By opening the code to widespread examination, more people take part in finding its bugs and security flaws, in testing for broad compatibility across platforms, and …

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Best Linux audio manager

Their techniques for identifying web server and OSes can be fooled. As the cliche goes, "If we both have an apple, and we exchange apples, we each still have one apple. It also ships in multiple flavors to gratify different needs of people. The rules concerning the definition and use …

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A simple guide to ul

However, this is definitely no loss. Big data, the collective term for the mountains of information produced by businesses, can hold the keys to more efficient operations and even increased revenues by identifying new opportunities, but first this data must be sorted, parsed and analyzed. As you can see, the …

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Getting up and running with the Raspberry Pi

The world economy will not collapse if creators of software choose to share their work with the world. When adding a user to a system you will be asked for your root i.d. In all of the cases above, the synergy created between the pairs has only gone to …

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