No more mistakes with dd

A vi-style line editing interface is also available. So that modules can use the kernel resources that they need, they must be able to find them. The GNU C library provides more than its name suggests. The operations performed may cause the processor to stop what it is doing and …

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Where to get more detail on git

When there are no more characters left to read, the device returns end-of-file (EOF). On GNU/Linux systems a file command can be used to identify a type of the file. Unlike most other operating systems, Linux is freely developed and continu- ously improved by a large community of software …

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Minimize speed when using your first accepted version

Hard links allow for complex filesystem structures with multiple pathnames pointing to the same data. You may need to go through several rounds of resubmission and additional feedback before your code is accepted, and in some cases it may be rejected. Share your personal experiences (good and bad) with Linux …

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Is Pantheon the best windows manager for Linux?

In either case, the kernel simply resolves the pathname to the correct inode. Users are expected to shell out cash and more cash for each "feature" Microsoft decided to throw their way. Compare this to a floppy disk which only spins at 360 RPM. It is a synthasisable core and …

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Get rid of declare once and for all

The default action for the SIGFPE signal will core dump the process and then cause it to exit. Any of the bytes within a file may be read from or written to. Through virtual memory and paging, the kernel allows many processes to coexist on the system, each operating in …

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The importance of psmisc on the Rasberry Pi

Processes are generally associated with a user's login group, not any of the supplemental groups. Sometimes the DMA channel for a device can be set by jumpers; a number of ethernet devices use this technique. In user space, Linux implements threads in accordance with POSIX 1003.1c (known as Pthreads …

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Getting started with syslogd on Arch Linux

Unlike Windows, Linux requires each user to have an account. Linux keeps looking through the pending list from the start until there is a pass where no semaphore operations can be applied and so no more processes can be woken. Effectively, they define system programming, or at least a common …

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Does it run under KDE on the Linux Lite distro?

An alternative to purchasing a Linux book is to borrow one (or many) from a library; it is likely that some of them will also contain CDROMs that can be used to install Linux. And the vast profits being amassed by some of those corporations added to the frustration. Instead …

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Getting started with the Linux modinfo command

What interesting system calls are provided in Linux compared to other Unix variants? Yet, it was relatively little used for computer software prior to the development of UNIX, and even today its great benefits fail to be fully exploited by other operating systems, most notably the Microsoft Windows systems. A …

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Can you pass the repquota test?

If you've always wanted to learn programming, whether you want to develop software professionally or just for fun, there's no better platform to cut your teeth on. Linux names IDE disks in the order in which it finds their controllers. Even if you plan to move on to more advanced …

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Scan the results of parameter expansion

The new vm_area_struct structure is put into the list of vm_area_struct pointed at by the shmid_ds. Some such devices are partionable, which means that they can be divided up into multiple filesystems, all of which can be manipulated individually. Sustainable technologies are also important, and the best example of the …

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Is experience with mpg123 an employable skill?

That is, there are no legal restrictions on anyone using, studying, copying, modifying, improving or publishing any recipe. An alternative to purchasing a Linux book is to borrow one (or many) from a library; it is likely that some of them will also contain CDROMs that can be used to …

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Developing with slabtop

Finally, if you are contributing to an existing kernel module, you will need to learn about their procedures and development cycle. In Linux, the standard C compiler is provided by the GNU Compiler Collection (gcc). It would not matter to me which distro was being advocated as long as the …

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Getting acquainted with Miracle Linux

The module data structure is marked as DELETED and it is unlinked from the list of kernel modules. Most licenses of the proprietary software systems are expensive and should be renewed every year. These range from simple memory protection schemes to complex page hierarchies. You don't need to spend tons …

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Getting the best out of atq when using Ubuntu

Therefore Linux adds a call to a tidy up routine which will restore the original blocked mask onto the call stack of the signalled process. If your computer came with a copy of Windows, then you paid for it, even if the store didn't tell you about that. This credit-card …

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No more mistakes with dnssec-keygen

If the name doesn't give it away, Linux containers, a method of packaging and isolating an application with only its dependencies, are a technology built from key pieces of the Linux kernel. Still, this survey does compare Windows 2000, GNU/Linux (up to 497 days usually), FreeBSD, and several other …

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At the command line with gdb

Windows implementation is very high-level. In the event of a total implosion, much of the software can be reinstalled with batch files made up of multiple sudo apt install statements. Ask ten people on the street what a "blue screen of death" is or if their Windows PC has ever …

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Generating use cases for Objective-C

Note that HP-UX, GNU/Linux (usually), Solaris and recent releases of FreeBSD cycle back to zero after 497 days, exactly as if the machine had been rebooted at that precise point. Each hardware controller has its own control and status registers (CSRs) and these differ between devices. The reason is …

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What's your favorite Linux terminal emulator?

This makes kernel memory deallocation easier as the smaller free blocks can be recombined into bigger blocks. This means that the process can continue to run. There are many ways to make money, so why choose a method that requires investing just as much time and effort into making software …

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Which distro do you prefer to use KDE Plasma on?

Writing a byte to the middle of a file overwrites the byte previously located at that offset. Conceptually, nothing covered thus far would prevent multiple names resolving to the same inode. Without this surrounding commitment, IT decision-makers can be left in the dark...and that's not a good place to …

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A simple guide to ld

You can customize the terminal, try different text editors, and install desktop environment of your choice. The results of such concurrent accesses rely on the ordering of the individual operations, and are generally unpredictable. Writing a byte to the middle of a file overwrites the byte previously located at that …

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Data collection under Ubuntu

The GNU C library provides more than its name suggests. The tools philosophy was to have small programs to accomplish a particular task instead of trying to develop large monolithic programs to do a large number of tasks. Let it suffice to say that not every single bug has been …

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Getting started with the Linux script command

It's basically community version of Red Hat without any fee or support. Thus, there is no term free mathematics. Soon enough this will become an extremely tedious task destined for failure. The caricatures speak of wizard-like "graybeards" sitting behind glowing green screens, writing C code and shell scripts, powered by …

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Getting up and running with KDE Plasma

Users of closed source operating systems must report the bug to the manufacturer and wait for the manufacturer to develop, test, and release a solution to the problem, known as a hot fix. Unlike the MINIX filesystem before it, ext could address up to 2GB of storage and handle 255-character …

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Getting a mail server up and running on Caldera OpenLinux

Whereas MINIX is based on a microkernel that contains the bare minimum amount of code necessary to run an operating system, Linux has a monolithic kernel, which means that functions like the file system, virtual memory, and various system calls all take place in privileged kernel space. But the existence …

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Linux adventures with amixer

Even so, most software developers, even those who have grown up during this venerable "Linux revolution" have at least heard of Unix. While early drones relied on proprietary operating systems, the boom in drone flight is helped onward by Linux, which provides the tiny embedded operating systems necessary to run …

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Determine hardware resources for devices

Python has always touted itself as a "batteries included" language; its standard library contains lots of useful modules, often more than enough to solve many types of problems quickly. To understand what OSS is, you must first understand how source code is used to create programs. In all cases, bash …

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The ultimate guide to unicode_start

You can control everything from the command line. There is yet one other weakness: if a computer switches operating systems later, the long uptime is credited to the new OS. Peripherals are real devices, such as graphics cards or disks controlled by controller chips on the system board or on …

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Generating use cases for Haskell

There are various other shell interpreters available, such as Korn shell, C shell and more. The first method is most often the easiest, as long as your system UEFI boot manager allows you to disable the secure boot feature. For the operating system to accomplish this, it must contain the …

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Instance names should not be specified when using hwclock

For those companies, Linux supports most UNIX commands and standards, which makes transitioning to Linux very easy because the company likely would not need to pur- chase additional software or retrain staff. Critics of free software often voice fears that the freedoms and low cost of free software will lead …

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Can you install TopologiLinux on the Rasberry Pi?

Linux is full of shortcuts to help make your life easier. Those programs or issues that have not yet been addressed or resolved for Linux can still reside on the original drive and remain operational as long as they are needed. Free software, as the term is usually used, and …

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Using more to view text files at the SLAX command line

There are three types of partition supported by fdisk, primary, extended and logical. The examples continue, but all hit the same chord: there is no use in preventing the spread of information. The source code for proprietary software is usually not made publicly available, or, if it is, there are …

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Is biod better on FreeBSD than Linux?

Processes are allowed to do non-blocking reads (it depends on the mode in which they opened the file or pipe) and, in this case, if there is no data to be read or if the pipe is locked, an error will be returned. When processes are deleted, as they exit …

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Getting up and running with Deepin

Sed is the Spanish word for thirst, Though you may thirst (or hunger, or whatever) for an easier way to do things, its name did not derive from there. As of April 2008, Linux had fewer than 100 known viruses, whereas Windows had more than 1,000,000 known viruses …

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Redirecting output with Freesco

Processes are free to use a FIFO so long as they have appropriate access rights to it. Most people believe it is wrong to steal, and therefore, won't rob a wallet. Today open source software has become critical for almost every organization. The access file logs every visit to your …

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How to get more from host

The LSB is a joint project of several Linux vendors under the auspices of the Linux Foundation (formerly the Free Standards Group). A filesystem is a collection of files and directories in a formal and valid hierarchy. Commercial programming packages, like commercial operating systems, can cost a great deal of …

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What's your favourite Instant messenger

The IP protocol is a transport layer that is used by other protocols to carry their data. One interesting feature it has is that every instruction is conditional. This collaboration among several developers with a common need speeds up software creation, and when bugs in the software are found by …

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Boost your mastery of bzless with these tips

The IP protocol layer itself uses many different physical media to transport IP packets to other IP hosts. If you look at the output of lsmod, you will see that each module has a count associated with it. Until recently, most modems were 8 or 16 bit ISA cards. While …

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Interesting apps based on make

The exact wording of a recipe as it is written by its author is protected under copyright law, but the information itself (i.e., the names of the ingredients, their quantities and the various steps in their processing) is not. Even so, if a process executes until it waits then …

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File formats and conventions

Because Linux has such a large number of contributors from across multiple decades of development, contacting each individual author and getting them to agree to a new license is virtually impossible, so that Linux remaining licensed under the GPLv2 in perpetuity is all but assured. They prefer the term open …

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